Your parents are to blame. In ancient times, the extramarital children were negtegradable. In Europe, such children are called "bastards", in Russia, the national name - "Baystryuki" and even "bastards".
Where did the word "Bastard" come from?
In modern Russian word "Bastard" Also used and even at the legal level. And now, of course, the bastards are equated to children born in marriage.
In Britain, such children were even given to raising to long-range relatives, that is, the child was even completely communicating with his mother. And in Russia, such a rejection of extramarital children continued until 1902. Since then, the child has received the right to the inheritance of the mother and partial content from the Father, if, of course, paternity was proven.
Word "Bastard" appeared in France in the XI century, presumably formed from Fille de Bast. What is translated as "Baby, winning in the saddle" .
On the word "baystryuk"
"Bastard" - This outdated word, used in Russia, is now preserved in some dialects. Unfortunately, the etymology of this word is unknown, there is only an assumption that it came from Polish.
With a similar meaning in the Middle Ages, Lexeme was told in Russia "bastard" . So called the most extramarital, it was the side children. The word is formed from the noun "Blud", * Blǫditi "blot, wander."
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Bastard is a word that exists in English (Bastard), and in German (Bastard) languages. It translates into Russian as "extramarital", "illegitimate", "side" when it comes to children whose parents are not bound by the Uzami marriage. However, this lexem has a lot of interpretations, and that it is interesting for consideration. Read more about who it is and that this is Bastard will be considered in the article.
The meaning of the word in the dictionary
There is most often given three interpretation options.
- The first of them is equipped with a note "historical" and concerns the name of the extramarital son of any influential person, for example, the king or the duke used in the Middle Ages in Western Europe.
- The second states that this is the term applied in biology to the offspring, obtained by crossing organisms that are significantly removed from each other. A special case is the result of crossing between the species.
- The third option is spacious - and interpreted as "bastard". Regarding the last of the concepts in the dictionary it is said that this is a multi-valued word under which the following may be implied: a) a unclean, non-core animal, a mix; b) worthless, underdeveloped man; c) illegitimate child. Frequently used as a crime.
In addition to the above, there are other values of the word studied. These include:
- Bastardian sword.
- One of the varieties of a gallery, which is distinguished by a wide corps and a round feed, in Italian - Galea Bastarda.
- In the game in Keheli, there is a so-called bastardine box, a liter or strings, the point of which corresponds to a smaller or greater kebul.
- Anime and Manga Bastard !!
- Used for the manufacture of red wine grapes called Bastardo.
- Type of gothic font.
Bastard is a concept that attracts many writers and cinematographers. Therefore, further will be told about some books and films where characters are present with such name.
Bastard is the story of Sergey and Marina Dyachenko, Ukrainian writers, written in fantasy style. This is a heroic and romantic story telling about the young man named Stanko, who gave an oath to kill the prince, who was his father.
The focus of the work is given to the description of the psychological portraits of heroes. Its action takes place in a world representing a certain analogue of East Slavic lands. The time of action is often described in fantasy the so-called enlightened medieval.
Roman from the "Leader" cycle
This is "Bastard God", written in 2017 by Vladimir Matveyev. In it, the main character is a product of genetic engineering in the distant future. His purpose is to be a great warrior, the leader, the leader. It is designed to unite around himself reasonable beings living in a newly open world. At the same time, it is necessary to do everything in such a way that this world is joined into a large and mighty power as its full part.
But here the Higher Lot interferes with the fate of the hero. And everything goes not at all as conceived. Behind the back is no longer worth a strong state, there are no internal limitations and installations that were invested by the creators. The world, which appears in front of him, is completely different, not the one where its implementation was planned.
Only his skills remained with the hero, as well as the faithful friend, good blade and inner gusts, pushing acting, which are consistent exclusively with the concepts of honor. It is not known what awaits him ahead. Was it forces to change the new world, who became a house?
He is called "Bastard Emperor" and written in 2018 by Alexei Ageev as part of the "Favorites" cycle. His main character hardered by testing. He is almost ready to submit a huge mysterious force like that not yet in the world. He dreams of creating his own empire and is never close to the exercise of his plans. The devotees are seen in their leader of military genius, and he seems to be a devil in the appearance of a person.
The hero of the book accompanies luck, and the power is drunk him, which creates around solid Mirage. The closest associates together with the secret allies are inclined to share the skin of the unborn bear and begin to weave sophisticated intrigues. The world is on the threshold of a large-scale war, in the battles of which billions of innocent souls may die. The galaxy hovered in fright.
In front of the hero, global issues and troubleshooting problems arise. What is better for him - to accept your delamination or contact the deep self-knowledge? Is he ready to unleash a fratricide war or should find a true enemy and fall with him in a duel?
His name "Palace", or "Palach Bastard". In September 2015, the film premiere took place on the FX TV channel. Due to low ratings, he was closed after the first season in November of the same year. The action takes place at the beginning of the 14th century. Emptom in the army of King Eduard I Knight is broken by the horrors of war. Never in life does not take for a weapon - such a vow, given to them God.
But it was not destined to fulfill the vow, since injustice and violence overtook him again. Fate forces the knight again to take the very bloody of all the swords - the sword of the executioner.
Episode "Games of Thrones"
He is the ninth in the sixth season of this fantasy series released by the HBO channel. In the whole series, he stands at number 59 and called the Battle of Battle. Unlike the previous film described above, it was possible to obtain very high ratings, including becoming one of the best among all episodes of the "Games of Thrones".
Critics was marked by the scale of battle in the north, unprecedented in the history of television. In some there have been associations with battle scenes present in such a filmmaker, as the "Lord of the Rings".
This episode brought the series several nominations for the Emmy Prize, including the best scenario and director in the dramatic series.
January 19 2021.
Hello, dear blog readers KtonanovenKogo.ru. Sometimes we have words, the meaning of which is not entirely understood, and the importance goes deeply in history.
One of these words is Bastard - the term that began to actively be used almost a thousand years ago and for many people this word was fateful.
Today we will talk about anyone such badards when this term has appeared, as the attitude towards such people in different centuries has changed and what famous historical personality and heroes of books were bastards.
Bastard is ...
The concept of "Bastard" appeared in the Middle Ages. The first mention of this term can be found in French sources dating from the XI century. Since a religion was served as a basis for social life in Western Europe, church The marriage was considered indispensable .
Bantards are children Born out of marriage who could not claim any status nor inheritance or legitimate recognition. Moreover, the medieval society belonged to such people with non-observed contempt.
Interesting and feature of the origin of this word. Its value linguistically connected with Latin " Bastum. "(Direct translation -" saddle "), but this base is not in direct, but in a figurative sense.
It turned out quite a logical chain: "Bastardus" -> "Casual in the saddle" -> "The child, winning on a kind of traveler." This means that the child was not born from legitimate spouses in a decided marriage, but towing, randomly.
As for the Russian language, in accordance with " Intellular dictionary "V. Dalya,
Bastard is not only an illegitimate child, but also a hybrid of animals or some mix from crossing plants of different types.
At the same time, Wikipedia offers several more values, the most relevant of which is associated with English-speaking curses, similar to the meaning of Russian "bastard" and "geek".
In the Middle Ages, any connection outside of marriage was considered shameful and as a child's child, an illegitimate child could not inherit a name or title, nor the land of a noble parent.
However, some bastards nevertheless recognized . Usually these were children of high-ranking specialists who have sufficient power in order to somehow "legitimize" such a child and ensure the future.
Royal Blood Bastards could even claim title, but only if their mother was the daughter of Prince or a representative of the same noble kind. There are cases when the husbands sentenced their wives to seduce a noble man to conceive a child and, thus, to get a lifelong provision.
However, the extramarital origin was not considered a tabooed topic, and these issues were often discussed at the legislative level. The most vivid examples of such laws are the "Merton Statute" (1235) and "Poor Laws" adopted in England in 1536. These were excellent attempts to prevent conflicts and litigation by regulating the rights of inheritance and withdraw some social limitations.
А prohibitions for illegitimate There was a lot of: for example, bastards could not practice as doctors and could not hold any public posts.
Time for a change
The discriminatory position of the extramarital children, the black thread penetrated the whole era of VII to the XI centuries., Slowly, but confidently changed. These changes correlated with changes dictated by life in property law and family legislation.
This was especially noticeable during the development of the Gregorian reform, the tightest framework of the marriage and forbidden incest and polygamy, and then later, when the principles of mayogerate began to practice in Europe instead of bulk fretsmen borrowed from the ancient Romans.
In this regard, the turning point can be considered a border of the XIV-XV centuries, a radically changed attitude towards illegitimate.
Some significant cities Delighted the bastards of law Being your full-fledged residents, laws were adopted, allowing to wear bastards (who had not yet had the right to inherit the main property) of generous gifts from movable property, to provide an expanded bonus and empower their lifelong board.
In addition, illegitimate received the right to their own heraldry. So, Coat of arms Bastarda Could repeat the symbolism of his father's house, but under one condition: the drawing was crossed by the red line ("bandaging"), which pointed to its special status.
Well, and the nobility of the nobility of the bastards could also wear, but, unlike legitimate heirs, she should have been attached not on the right, but on the left shoulder.
In Russia Also, there was a system for legalized bastards - their surname became derived from the surname of the noble family. For example, the bastards of Trubetski could wear Bezzi's surname.
They had the right to occupy high-ranking positions and claim part of the property of famous parents. However, this rule was maintained only for those whose mother and father were representatives of the noble dynasties.
So continued before the beginning of XVIII In., while in Russia, a decree was issued on the right of an extramarital child to inherit the property of the mother and receive limited content from the Father.
At the same time in Britain, the "act of law-life" was proclaimed, which recognized the equality of all children. And already in the second half of the XVIII century. Such legislation was signed by the US government.
The story recalls a lot of cases when bastards ranked high in society. For example, the illegitimate son of Heinrich II Wilhelm received a title of graph and later became one of the most influential venes of England.
While Count Overnic Charles de Valua, the extramarital child of Charles IX and beauty-blunder marieh, was not satisfied with the title and after the death of his father participated in conspiracies against the new King Heinrich IV, who, Ironically, was also the father of Bastard - Antoine Bourbon -Bay.
Conspuses regarding the kings in Western Europe of that time were familiar - just as the presence of illegitimate children, who were trying to capture power with all their forces and possible means.
However, many of the bachers still received recognition and throne without special intrigues and conflicts, especially when mighty interests had their own goals. As a rule, it was depriving the inheritance of any of his relatives. But there are others Examples of recognition of bastardov :
- Vladimir Saint, Son Prince Svyatoslav and a simple key;
- Wilhelm I The Conqueror, the extramarital son of the Duke of Normandy Robert II magnificent, who was the only child of his father and the title of Count inherited almost on legitimate grounds. Wilhelm, by the way, is the most famous Bastard, because he managed not only to climb to the British throne, but also to combine most of the scattered lands in the Unified English kingdom;
- Heinrich II, the first National King of England, is known to those who took possessions and titles from legitimate heirs in favor of the Corneelsky Count, its extramarital son.
In general, if you analyze the genealogical trees of any dynasties, in each of them there will certainly have a siblos or illegitimate and endowed with rights or suspected of an extramarital origin. And in some pedigrees such descendants are not one or two, but a fair amount.
Sometimes reality replaced the gun in political games, but it did not prevent some Bastards occupy thrones , and legitimate heirs who have lost the chances of power, to be overboard only because hostile court coalitions (what is it?) They swamped them with bastards.
Stories about bastards in culture and literature
The first mention of children born out of marriage can be found in ancient Greek mythology. The gods of Eldlats were famous for their love connections with simple mortals. The most famous ancient Greek Bastard - Hercules , son of Zeus and Beauty Alcmen, the faithful spouse of the Hero of Amphitrion, in the image of which gave God who infected with passion appeared to Alcmen and resiled her husband.
The theme of the Bastardians has always been burning and reflected not only in the literature, but also on the dual pages of history. So, Elizabeth I Tudor , one of the greatest kind of the Age of the Late Middle Ages, has been branded by Bastarda more than once, although her parents were King Henry VIII and his legal spouse Anna Boleyn.
The fact is that after the death of the mother executed on Eshafote, the father was removed to enter into a new marriage for the birth of the throne. And Elizaven was declared illegitimate, since her mother did not become a real monarch and remained the queen-consort to death.
Stories about the fate of extramarital children inspired many Eminent authors - Fedor Dostoevsky, Lion Tolstoy, Charles Dickens.
And the beginning of this epopea put the French-Trover Raoul Cambrain, who is attributed to the authorship of the eponymic (giving name, the same name) Poem on the legendary bastard, which struggles for the right of ownership of their own fighter (vassal pets).
And this is not to mention such "beaten" topics like King Arthur (in the V-VI centuries. Was the leader of the Britons) and Karl the Great on nicknamed Charleman, the King of Franks and Langobard in the second half of the VIII century.
But perhaps, the most popular Bastardom in media space today has a handsome man. John Snow - One of the key characters of the book of George Martin "Song of Ice and Flame".
The noble young man, whom everyone considered the extramarital son "who revealed in the saddle." Stark, in fact, turned out to be a legitimate heir of the Iron throne, which he never needed.
But the choice of bastards of that time (in the "Game of Thrones" there was another Ramsi Bolton, Walder Rivers, Cotter Pike, etc.) is usually small - either perpetual duty in a night doser, or an unprotected service in a squad of some Lord.
Более того, человек в такой ситуации может обрести особую внутреннюю силу, способную побудить его на великие свершения. Примеры здесь, разумеется, излишни.
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