How to get rid of cough at home: "Folk" methods and pharmacology
Cough is different: wet and dry, acute and chronic, infectious and allergic ... But, what would be its causes and character, almost in all cases it becomes a source of discomfort. And let the cough - not a disease, but only a symptom, nevertheless you can and you need to fight. But what are the means to use to not harm yourself?
Cough - frequent symptom of respiratory diseases and not only. It happens with trachey, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma, allergies, heart disease. People with nicotine addiction often occurs the so-called cough smokers. Professional harm, side effects of some medicines and even psycho-emotional factors can play a role in the emergence of a symptom. But the most common cause is ORVI and their consequences. So in the article we will talk about the cough as a manifestation of a cold.
If all other symptoms of respiratory infection - heat, sore throat, runny nose - usually pass in five to seven days, then the cough can be saved up to several weeks. Everyone knows how much anxiety he delivers. And the first question that occurs in such cases is how to quickly get rid of cough.
Pharmacies offer a large selection of cough suppression drugs. They affect the special center in the brain, the coal cough reflex. Pediatricians and therapists warned against the uncontrolled use of such drugs and explain that it is not always necessary to suppress the cough. In some cases, this may lead to dangerous consequences. [one] . To understand how to get rid of the cough an adult and a child, without causing harm to the body, you need to deal with the reasons and the mechanism of this phenomenon.
Cough is a reflex, an involuntary response when irritating the respiratory tract. It performs a protective function. Inflammation of the respiratory organs against the background of ARVI leads to overpressure of mucus. It annoys cough receptors located all over the respiratory tract from the nasopharynx to the bronchi. The nerve impulses from receptors come to the brain, which transfers the muscles of the larynx and the abdominal wall to shrink. As a result of a cough act from respiratory tract, a powerful air flow along with annoying agents is pushed. The same thing happens when the foreign bodies hit, only a mucus appears in the role of an irritant, and dust, allergens, food particles, and so on.
Thus, in terms of physiology, cough is a necessary mechanism designed to purify the respiratory tract. It can be imagined what happens if the body will lose this ability: mucus and sputum will accumulate and stagnate in bronchi, creating a nutrient medium for harmful bacteria. In such cases, pneumonia is inevitable. It is so often that people, without consulting a doctor, take antitussive drugs with ORVI: due to the impossibility of effective wet sputum arise complications.
So it is not necessary to treat cough? Not certainly in that way. It is impossible to suppress the cough reflex - this is permissible only in cases where the cough is unproductive and is physiologically useless (for example, with cough), and only by appointing a doctor. With a common cold when a large amount of mucus is formed in the respiratory tract, it is necessary to ensure its elimination.
It should be taken into account the character of cough. He is known to happen dry и moist . Tactics of treatment depends on it. Dry (unproductive) cough appears at the beginning of the disease. At this stage, the respiratory tract is already annoyed, but the mucus is still not enough to eliminate. An ill-rise painful cough causes a mass of suffering from the patient and, moreover, it can cause complications - the hip-hoarseness, Larygitis, tracheitis. The main task is to facilitate the patient's condition and achieve wetting of sputum.
With the natural development of the process, the amount of mucus formed is gradually increasing, and the dry cough after a few days goes into wet (productive). The goal of therapy is to reduce the viscosity of sputum and facilitate its lead.
On a note Therapists classify cough depending on its duration. The acute nature of the process is spoken in the case when it lasts less than three weeks. It is such a picture that is observed with influenza and other ORVI. Cough, ongoing from three to eight weeks, is considered subacute. This is not a rarity after a transferred viral infection. Finally, if the cough continues more than eight weeks, it is customary to talk about chronic flow. In such cases, you need deep diagnostics to find the cause.
How to get rid of cough
Respiratory diseases are widespread, so the cough problem is quite relevant. Medicine has developed various ways to combat this unpleasant symptom. However, many pharmacological drugs have side effects, and patients with ORVI are in no hurry to resort to the help of medicines, and refer to "verified" homemade recipes. Some of them can really affect, others are useless. As for drugs, then among them there are quite safe. So, consider how you can get rid of cough folk methods and what funds offer official medicine.
People's methods of treatment of cough are used for a long time. It is believed that they contribute to the wet wet and its removal from the respiratory tract. The effectiveness of the following methods is tested by time, but not confirmed by official science. Apply them or not - the personal cause of each patient. Harm from home resources will probably won't - but only if the cough is caused by an ordinary cold, and not more serious.
This conditional term is called mustard pieces, rubbing, hot tubs for legs, banks and similar ways. With all the diversity of distracting procedures, they have a similar principle of operation. It is about exposure to reflexogenic zones, which occurs at a temperature or chemical skin irritation.
The most popular distracting procedures for cough:
- Mustard pieces . They are imposed on the back and chest, avoiding the projections of the spine and heart, and keep the appearance of a distinct burning.
- Warming compress. The gauze is wetted in a solution of alcohol, put on the chest, an insulating layer of polyethylene is placed on top, and then warm tissue.
- Rubbing . Any substances with local irritating effects are used: camphor, turpentine ointment, various oils (fir, eucalyptus, mint).
Distracting procedures are contraindicated to children up to a year, as well as with any infections, lesions of the skin. It is impossible to use them in the acute phase of the disease, when a high temperature is kept.
Many medicinal plants contain components to help ignite and remove sputum, anti-inflammatory substances. Most often, with cough, the roots of Aira Bolotnaya, ninexille of high, altea, licorice, plantain leaves, and machem leaves, the grass, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint-mint grass. Vegetable raw materials are used to prepare info and decoction - individually or in charges.
Attention! Despite the fact that herbalism is considered a harmless way to get rid of cough, one cannot forget about the probability of allergies - especially those who are predisposed. Homemade phytotherapy products, in contrast to pharmacy drugs, do not pass clinical trials, and therefore their effects are both basic and side - unpredictable.
Mixes and medicines
Folk medicine knows many homemade recipes from cough based on products that are usually attributed to the healing properties. For example, for example, honey, onions, garlic, ginger, black radish, aloe are believed to have a beneficial effect on respiratory organs. From these products prepare mixtures for intake. Widespread, for example, such a drug like honey with aloe juice or black radish.
The fastest way to get rid of cough is the reception of drugs. They are diverse in composition, mechanism of action, indications (dry or wet cough), formations of release. The potent pharmaceuticals are permissible to apply only for the prescription of the therapist. For independent treatments, you can use syrups and tablets with soft expectorant and musolitic (thinning wet) by action.
This dosage form is very popular both in the treatment of adults and in pediatrics. Syrups have a pleasant taste, and children will be eagerly accepted. In the composition of the tools may be natural, and chemical components. With an uncomplicated cough against the backdrop of a cold, it is better to give preference to plant syrup. Their natural composition guarantees the minimum of side effects, and the active substances of medicinal plants provide a pronounced expectorant and musolitic effect.
In contrast to folk phytotherapeutic agents, pharmacy syrups are made on the basis of standardized plant extracts. This means that the dosage of the components is strictly adjusted, and the effect is predictable.
Vegetable syrups are single and multicomponent. The first contains only one extract and help either during dry, or with a wet cough. The second are produced from several types of medicinal plants. Due to the multicomponent composition, an integrated effect is achieved: such funds are often universal, they can be used in both types of cough.
The means from cough in the form of tablets are usually applied, as a rule, for adults only. Usually they contain chemical components with bronchhalytic, mercolytic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory effect.
With the "cold" cough in adults and especially in children it is important to choose a working, but at the same time safe means with a minimum number of side effects. Home methods can help, but their therapeutic effect is not proven. To get rid of cough quickly, it is better to take drugs, among which the leading positions on the ratio of efficiency and safety occupy plant syrups with multicomponent composition.
** The material is not a public offer. The price is given to familiarize and relevant for November 2020.
All information related to health and medicine is presented solely for informational purposes and is not a reason for self-diagnosis or self-treatment.
Cough is a reflex, and not an independent disease. The reaction to the outer stimulus in the form of a bacterium or infection, which is brought with themselves. What happens when the cough begins with a high temperature, chills and snot? We start all possible and impossible ways to get rid of it, and from the disease itself, which led to cough. But often do not know how to do it correctly, tightening or aggravating treatment. What cough is and whether it is worth it to be treated at all, tell me in this article.
Why cough arises
If you describe the cough as a mechanical process, then these are attempts to get rid of infections and bacteria, dust, foreign bodies, sputum. In fact, this is the mechanism of self-defense and self-defense. In rare cases, cough is an independent disease and requires immediate treatment. It is more often attached by the symptom of the existing disease or its complication. Specialists do not recommend stopping it, because it helps the body to be cleaned, but it is possible to alleviate the body and eliminate the source (in the nose, in the throat, in the nasopharynk, bronchi and tracheal). If the reflex is suppressed, the sputum will go deeper into the lungs, which is why inflammatory processes and serious complications may arise.
Cough receptors are available not only along the respiratory tract, in the nasopharynx, trachers, bronchi and pleura. They are even in ear canals, in the stomach and diaphragm, the shallower bag, so sometimes the reflex is triggered when you brush the ears with cotton wands.
Causes of cough
- Rubble. Any degree, with viscous detachable or transparent mucous meters. There is a disease due to the fact that the mucus either stands in the nasopharynk or flows along the back wall, from which the upper respiratory tract is annoyed. It is enough to start immediate treatment of a cold. The washing with salt solutions, a solution of furaticiline, a solution for flushing Doltin, Phalidex or isofra, with the appearance of highlights with signs of pus, immunomodulating droplets Derinate, vegetable drops Pinsol based on eucalyptus oils, mints, pines.
- Viral infection. It develops equally and requires exclusively symptomatic treatment. The main feature is not treated with antibiotics. Accompanied by a runny nose, echoing mucous membranes, sore throat. If you do not have time to do not start treatment in time, the virus "descends" to the lower floors and goes to bronchi as a complication, causing bronchitis, acute bronchitis, pneumonia. Cough in this case will be wet, with exhausting wet.
- Pneumonia. It is developing either as a complication of a non-selected and poorly transferred cold, or, as an independent disease of viral nature. Pneneviation is often accompanied by high temperature, weakness and shortness of breath, fever. In this case, the cough may not appear immediately. So, if the symptoms of conventional colds do not disappear after 3-5 days, the temperature is kept, there is a painful cough or it just begins to appear with exhausting sputum, it's time to contact a specialist for antibiotics.
- Reception of drugs. Some of the high blood pressure drugs are able to provoke cough like a side effect. It happens often, but not everyone.
- Smoking. Long smoking and exposure to the body of chemical poisonous compounds of tobacco smoke lead to obstructive pulmonary disease when coughing acquires a chronic form. The result of the disease becomes an irreversible reduction in air flow in the respiratory tract. Fabrics suffer constant irritation, as a result, chronic inflammation of the tissues appears.
- Allergy. Asthma. Between these concepts you can put a sign of equality, because the allergic cough is akin to the light form of asthma. In this case, the respiratory tract is experiencing an immune response to the stimulus. Often, allergic cough suffer from people experiencing pollinosis in spring and autumn. But it can also represent a real threat when it is a consequence of the allergic edema of the quinque. In this situation, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Asthma is a chronic somatic disease having a similar allergic mechanism when swelling and bronchospasm occurs. Asthmatic cough is characterized by a whistling wheezing, a difficult breathing and a constant feeling of concreteness and squeezing in his chest and shortness of breath. Bronchial obstruction is reversible in part or completely, spontaneously or influenced by treatment.
- Serious lung pathology. They speak for themselves. Any violation of the integrity of this organ, such as a tumor, can lead to cough. With the appearance of a suspicious long-lasting cough, it is important to undergo a complete medical examination and take action as soon as possible.
How to choose a cough medicine
To properly choose a cough medicine, it is important for the beginning to understand its nature. Selection of drugs is carried out taking into account the following circumstances:
- cough type - productive / dry
- the presence / lack of sputum;
- Cause of cough - ENT disease, allergy etc.
Treatment of dry cough
What is a dry cough? It is also called unproductive. It is characterized by a significant complexity of wetting, its scarce quantity or no absence during cough. At this stage, treatment will be aimed at making coughing to productive and promote the discharge and disorder of sputum. An important point is to not suppress the reflex, otherwise the thick and viscous sputum, which could not get out of the lungs and the bronchi will cause serious complications.
How to treat: Preparations Synecode, Linkas, Herbion Syrup, Dr. MOM syrup.
Get rid of dry cough and make it a productive help the nebulizer for inhalations with medicines. Such a procedure is very effective in the treatment of dry cough. The effect of drugs introduced into the body with the help of the device will begin faster and the drug will fall exactly in the hearth. Basically, the nebulizer will fit: saline, joint use of saline and medicinal solutions (Berodual, bulvikort - on the recommendation of a specialist)
Treatment of cough with wet
If the cough was initially with a sputum or dry changed to productive, it is important to sneak the sputum to facilitate and speed up its elimination. Such drugs are aimed at the early removal of sputum, removal of the inflammatory process in the respiratory tract.
At this stage, we need expectorant, bronchodic agents.
- Acetylcysteine - this substance effectively dilutes the mucous secret, has an anti-inflammatory effect. Acetylcystein-based drugs are most often used to treat dry cough, not more than 7 days. How to treat: ACC, Fluimucil, Vix Active
- Ambroxol is an effective substance that is used in the treatment of dry cough. Than to treat: Lazolvan, Ambroben, Ambroxol, Flavmed.
- Carbocysteine - Means with it improve the elasticity of a viscous secret, accelerates its deadline, translate dry cough into wet. How to treat: Liebeksin; Fluditec; Bronchobos; Fluiforth.
- Bromgexine - in addition to diluting the sputum of action, has a weak secret effect effect. Than treat: bromgexine; Bronchosan; Solvin.
Treatment of allergic cough
With an allergic response, the cough is characterized by a spasmic character, dryness and productivity. Sometimes it breaks down on "Lai", can be with a small amount of sputum. It occurs at contact with the allergen, with its long-term exposure, in the slophing state can grow into asthma. Such a cough can be protracted and introduce a person in error, provoking useless drug treatment. It is important to understand the nature of the cough and start treatment in time. Antihistamines are suitable for eliminating allergic cough: Erius, Zirtek, Zetrin, Telfast.
How to quickly cure cough at home
Folk recipes and "Babushkina" Tips can also have a significant support to delivered cough. To get rid of the leader quickly at home, it is important to comply with several rules: not to apply all means and immediately in the hope of rapidly getting rid of the ailment, know the measure and possible individual reactions.Be healthy!
We give a few names of popular funds from dry cough, depending on the action provided by them:
- Expectorant with dry cough: "Mukaltin", "Pertissin", "Dr. Mom", licorice syrups and altea, "Prospan", pills with thermopsis, etc.
- Funds from dry-old cough: "Synecode", "Omnitus", "Liebeksin", etc.
- Mulitics with dry cough: "ACC", "Lazolyvan", "Ambroxol", "Bromgexin", "Fluedandex" and others.
Recently, many effective preparations from dry cough with a combined effect appeared. Thus, for example, the drug "Codelak" and "Stoptussin" is distinguished by antitussive and expectorant effect, and the homeopathic medicine "Stodal", as well as the vegetative preparation "Linkas", provides at the same time a mercolytic and expectorant effect.
The only thing that can not be combined in medications from cough, so it is an antitussive and muscolite effect, because it will lead in the blockage of bronchi mocroid and asphyxia. After all, mucolyts are not able to directly contribute to the restraint of the bronchi, which means that the liquid sputum, which is indifferent to which direction to move, will accumulate in bronchi and lungs, leaving less air space.
By the way, antitussive preparations with a specific effect should not be used and together with expectorant means that increase the amount of sputum released and can block bronchi. Another thing is the combined drugs in which the antitussive effect is compensated by expectorant.
Funds from dry cough usually have 2 forms of release. These are tablets (or granules) and syrup. The latter are most often used to treat children, because a small child is not yet able to swallow pills. In addition, the sweet taste and attractive smell of many cough syrup makes their reception enjoyable for a child who sees a delicacy in the medicine. Syrups can be assigned in the event that an adult patient may not even want to take tablets for some reasons.
Multic agents The pharmaceutical industry began to produce and in the form of solutions used for inhalations, which are recommended to do with the special apparatus - nebulizer.
Assigning various types and shapes of cough preparations, the doctor takes into account not only the cause of dry cough, but also the patient's age. For example, children up to a year who have a cough reflex have not yet been developed, it makes no sense to prescribe mercolics. The most effective in this case will be preparations with combined antitussive and expectorant effect.
Children from 1 year, the means from dry cough are prescribed depending on the cause of cough. These can be expectorant products, and muscolics. Anti-tech drugs in pure form are prescribed extremely rarely, and only those that are not characteristic of a narcotic action.
For children under the age of 6 years, syrups are considered to be the preferred form of drugs, but if inhalation treatment is shown, and medicinal solutions with a musolithic effect can be used, which are still more efficient water.
To the appointment of drugs to small children, a pediatrician should treat much care. Synthetic preparations are not recommended without particular necessary. If the child occasionally shakes, it does not mean that he is sick. Just the body is cleaning the bronchi, which is often in the mornings or after active walks.
If there are other symptoms of the disease, then preference should be given to vegetable drugs that have a smaller negative impact on the organs and the kid systems. But here we need caution, because natural ingredients often provoke allergic reactions that may not only be unpleasant, but also dangerous.
But this is all the theory of treating dry cough. Let us return better to drugs that will make it easier to facilitate the painful symptom in practice.
Beneficial preparations with a specific and combined action
Beneficial preparations with a unique (specific) effect do not affect the quantity and characteristics of secrets secreted by bronchi. They only block a protective reflex controlled by a brain, soothing effectively affecting a cough center.
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This is a bright representative of this class of preparations used for coughing. Medicine "Synecode" is characterized by a central action, since it affects directly on the brain, and not on the nervous end.
The question, from which cough "Synecode: dry or wet, does not make sense, since antitussive drugs are used strictly with dry cough without sputum selection, otherwise the preparation can only harm. Appoint the drug doctors can:
- With cough in children,
- To reduce the cough intensity in smokers,
- In order to suppress the cough reflex during the diagnostic studies of the broncho-pulmonary system,
- in preparation for surgical operations,
- When heart cough without sputum formation.
In case of infectious and inflammatory respiratory pathologies, the "Synecode" can be assigned only at the dry cough stage, mainly in the restorative period, less often in the initial stage of the disease (if the cough attacks are too painful, which negatively affects the patient's state).
The drug has 3 forms of release:
Pharmacodynamics. The active substance of the drug - Butamirat. The main effect of the drug is to reduce the activity of the cough center, due to which the quantity and quality of cough attacks is noticeably declining, up to their complete disappearance. Additionally, the drug contributes to the expansion of the bronchi (armored action), prevents respiratory spasms, improves blood saturation with oxygen, i.e. Facilitates and improves breathing quality.
Pharmacokinetics. The absorption of the active substance occurs in the intestine, and after an hour and a half, its content in the blood reaches the maximum. It does not cummulate in the body. Slowly excreted with urine (half-life reaches 6 hours).
Contraindications for use. The drug is not prescribed with hypersensitivity to its components. Despite the fact that during pregnancy, the use of medication is not prohibited, it is necessary to beware of appointing it the first 3 months.
Some precautions should be observed in the appointment of various forms of the drug, especially in children. For example, the "Synecode" drops can be used from 2 months of age, syrup - from 3 years, and tablets (dragee) - no earlier than from the age of 6.
Syrup "Synecode" from dry cough in its composition has sorbitol, and therefore it cannot be prescribed to patients with hereditary intolerance to fructose.
Side effects. The fact that the drug can be used even in infants speaks of relative drug safety. Usually, children and adults carry the drug well without the appearance of unpleasant symptoms and still in rare cases the following reactions are possible: drowsiness and dizziness (with a decrease in dose disappear), nausea and diarrhea, spindlers, allergic reactions.
In very rare cases, the swelling of the larynx is possible, especially in children. True, the likelihood of such an event is much lower than that of other drugs.
Method of use and dose. It is necessary to immediately say that not only the release form, but the recommended dosage depends on the age of the patient.
"Synecode" child from dry cough can be assigned as:
- drops (from 2 months to a year - 10 drops for 1 reception, from 1 year to 3 years - 15 drops),
- syrup (from 3 to 6 years - 5 ml, from 6 to 12 years - 10 ml, from 12 to 15 years - 15 ml),
- Tablets (from 6 to 15 years old - 1 tablet 2, and from 12 years 3 times a day).
Multiplicity of droplets - 4 times, syrup - 3 times a day.
Synecode from dry cough adolescent over 15 years old and adult can be appointed in any form of release:
- drops - from 25 to 60 drops for 1 reception,
- Syrup - 15 ml every 6 hours, i.e. 4 times a day
- Tablets - 2 dragees (reconstruction multiplicity - 2 or 3 times a day by appointment of a doctor).
Overdose. The drug is not inclined to accumulate in the blood, and its long-term reception does not lead to overdose. But accepted one-time large doses of drugs can lead to the appearance of the following symptoms: lethargy, drowsiness, nausea with bits of vomiting, diarrhea, coordination disorder, drop blood pressure.
Treatment is to wash the stomach and receiving enterosorbents. Salt laxatives and symptomatic therapy are also shown.
Interactions with other drugs. Synecode is allowed to be taken simultaneously with any drugs, except for dry or wet cough with an expectorant or a musolitic effect.
Storage conditions. Store the medicine instruction recommends at a temperature not higher than 30 degrees in native packaging.
Shelf life. Tablets can be stored no more than 5 years from the date of release, drops and syrup - up to 3 years.
Reviews. Most drug reviews are positive. The drug perfectly helps with dry cough. The only drawback, many consider the presence of bitterness even in syrup and drops, but it can be survived. A small percentage of negative reviews is caused by either improper appointment of the drug, or the absence of effect due to the individual characteristics of the body.
The antitussive drug of the central action on the basis of all the same butamirats with minor expectorant and bronchomatic (prevention of the obstruction of the respiratory tract, the same spasmolytic) action. Indications for the use of the drug intersect with the appointments of the preparation "Sinekod". The same can be said about the pharmacological properties and side effects of the "Omnitus" medicine of the dry cough.
Release the medicine in the form of syrup and tablets of different dosages.
Contraindications for use. The drug is not prescribed with increased sensitivity to its components, as well as during breastfeeding period. Tablets are not recommended to take during pregnancy and kids up to 6 years. Tablets with high dosage (50 ml) are prescribed only to adult patients.
"Omnitus" syrup from dry cough during pregnancy is allowed to use, just starting from 4 months. In childhood it is prescribed to patients from 3 years.
Method of use and dose. The dosage of the drug depends not on pathology, accompanied by a dry cough, and on the age of the patient:
Syrup must be taken: kids up to 6 years old - 10 ml for taking, kids from 6 to 9 years old - 15 ml multiplicity of reception - 3 times a day.
Teenagers older than 9 years old are prescribed 15 ml 4 times in bitch, and adults are 30 ml three times a day.
Tablets "Omnitus" from dry cough can have a dosage of 20 or 50 mg, they must be taken entirely.
The first are prescribed to children from 6 to 12 years old 1 tablet twice a day, adolescents of 12-17 years increase the multiplicity of reception to 3 times a day.
Adults take 2 tablets 20 mg from 2 to 3 times a day or 1 tablet 50 mg 1-2 times a day.
Interaction with other drugs. During the treatment period, the drug must be abandoned from taking alcoholic beverages. Care must be observed by taking medicine along with sleeping pills, neuroleptics, tranquilizers.
Storage conditions. Store the drug manufacturer recommends at a temperature in the range of 15-25 degrees, away from children and sunlight
Shelf life. Syrup is allowed to use for 5 years, tablets - for 2 years.
Reviews. The opinion of buyers about the drug "Omnitus" is as ambiguous, as well as his analogue called "Synecode". For some, he became a rescue from dry cough, and others noted the deterioration of the state instead of the declared transition of cough from dry in wet. Most often, the drug is used to treat children.
Pharmacodynamics. The active substance of the drug is a pronoxdiazine, which is not redeemingly acting on the cough center, but on the peripheral organs (reduces the excitation of cough receptors), due to which the cough retreats. In parallel, the drug contributes to the expansion of the bronchi and reducing pain in the cough. In the treatment of chronic bronchitis, a noticeable anti-inflammatory effect was noted.
Pharmacokinetics. The medicine has good absorbent properties. Its suction occurs already in the stomach. The maximum concentration in the blood is observed after half an hour after the reception. Displays with feces and partly with urine. Specific action lasts about 4 hours.
Contraindications for use. The antitussive drug is prescribed under hypersensitivity to its constituent and allocating abundant bronchial secretions. In pediatrics, it is used since 3 years due to the fact that it has the only form of release in the form of tablets.
Side effects in the drug "Liebeksin" used from dry cough develop very rarely. It may be dry mucous meal, a drying of the throat, pain in the stomach, which will be bought by meals, constipation, allergic reactions, bronchospasm. In large doses reduces the concentration of attention.
Method of use and dose. The tablet is not recommended strongly grinding in order to avoid feelings of numbness of the mucous membrane. It must be swallowed and put it off with water.
Daily dose for adults - 3-4 tablets. Children give 0.5 tablets 3 or 4 times a day.
Overdose by the drug is not dangerous. It is manifested in lethargy, apathy, fatigue due to a pronounced sedative effect.
Interactions with other drugs. "Liebeksin" can be taken simultaneously with other medicines without worrying about the consequences.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Store tablets are recommended in native packaging at room temperatures not more than 5 years.
Reviews: Again, reviews are not happy with your diversity. One drug is suitable, others are disappointed in it. The main advantages of the drug are considered: the absence of addiction, safety of applications in children, a small number of side effects, the possibility of using during pregnancy. Many parents consider this drug the best medicine for the child.
And now we will consider how the complex drugs act, which is surprisingly unifying antitussive and expectorant effect.
Pharmacodynamics. Complex multicomponent drug that is used mainly against dry cough. Contains 4 active ingredients:
- Codeine (analgesic with a narcotic effect, oppressively acts on a coup center, but not on the respiratory function),
- Sodium bicarbonate (changes the acidity of sputum with the side of the decrease in pH, therefore makes it less viscous, plus has a stimulating effect on the epithelium, bringing bronchi, contributing to the removal of mucus)
- licorice root extract (expectorant and antispasmodic)
- The grass of the thermopsis lanceal (excites the breathing center and has an expectorant effect, stimulating the activity of the bronchial glands and the epithelium of the bronchi).
Since the drug is multicomponent, judging about pharmacokinetics is very difficult. It can only be noted that the effect of receiving the drug is observed already after 1 hour and continues for 6 hours.
Contraindications for use. It is impossible to prescribe a medicine for intolerance to at least one of the components, patients with impaired respiratory function and bronchial asthma, as well as those who suffer from chronic alcoholism. Children can be prescribed a drug from 2 years old, and only in extreme cases.
Caution and dose correction is required in severe kidney pathologies, elevated intracranial pressure.
Use during pregnancy and lactation is impossible.
The side effects of the drug are due to the presence in its composition of the narcotic substance (drowsiness, reduction in the concentration of attention and visual acuity, episodes of dizziness and pain in the head) and other components (nausea with bits of vomiting, changing the chair, abdominal pain, dryness of mucous membranes, allergic spindles , angioedema edema).
Method of use and dose. Produced in the form of tablets that can be taken without caring for the interval between meals. Tablets swallow entirely and drove water.
Adult dosage is 2-3 tablets per day (no more than 200 mg), a children's dose establishes a doctor. Treatment with a drug is short. Up to 5 days.
Overdose. The reception of large doses of medication is fraught with the strengthening of side effects, a drop in blood pressure, weakening the pulse, heart rate failures, strong fatigue, a decrease in the tone of the bladder.
Treatment is to wash the stomach and reception of sorbents. Antidote is Naloxon. Symptomatic therapy is also carried out.
Interaction with other drugs. It is forbidden to take the drug together with medications that oppressively operating on the central nervous system, including drugs from allergies and central analgesics.
Chloramphenicol slows down the removal of Codeina than prolongs its action. "Codelak" is similarly acting in relation to heart glycosides.
Antacids and binders reduce the effectiveness of the drug.
"Codelk" from dry cough is not prescribed simultaneously with mercolitics and expectorant means.
Storage conditions and shelf life. The medicine is stored at room temperatures for 4 years.
Reviews. Opinions of patients about the drug as a whole positive. It really helps with a bearing cough, making it easier and more productive. But still many confuse the presence of a drug in the medicine. For this reason, mommy is afraid to give him to their kids. Yes, and for the steering wheel in treatment, this drug can not.
On the shelves of pharmacies, you can meet another 2 options described above: "Cocrek Neo" and "Codeus Broncho". "Neo Codelk" with the acting substance Butamirat is prescribed strictly with a dry cough. This is an analogue of the preparations "Synecode" and "Omnicus", which can be calmly treated children from 2 months and adults. Forms of release: drops, syrup, tablets.
"Codelk Neo" from dry cough in children are prescribed mainly in the form of droplets and syrup. Syrup "Codelk Neo" from dry cough has 2 dosages: 100 and 200 ml. The first is enough to treat children under 6 years old (5 ml 3 times a day). The second is used to treat older children, adolescents and adults (from 10 to 15ml 3-4 times a day depending on age).
"Codelk Broncho" is not prescribed at dry cough, because the instructions strictly indicate that it is intended for the treatment of a wet cough with a difficult emotion.
This is a truly synthetic drug with a comprehensive action. This is an antitussive, expectorant and musolitic drug in one person.
Pharmacodynamics. In the composition of the drug we find 2 active ingredients:
- Butamirat - the antitussive component of peripheral acts with a sedative and analgesic effect,
- Givephenesin, which contributes to the discharge and removal of sputum, and also stimulates it to work out it.
The action of both components is compensated, so its reception does not lead to the blockage of bronchi.
Pharmacokinetics. The active ingredients of drugs are quickly absorbed into the gastrointestinal tract, their metabolites (active and inactive) are removed mainly by kidney, and only a small part is observed in feces.
Release form. Medicine in pharmacies can be found in the form of tablets or droplets.
Contraindications for use. The drug is not prescribed with hypersensitivity to its components, myasthenia, during breastfeeding period. During pregnancy, the drug is allowed, starting from the second trimester.
Children pills are prescribed from 12 years of age, drops - from 6 months.
Side effects. If you take the drug in recommended doses, the likelihood of the development of unpleasant effects is very low. 1 Patient out of 100 may complain about nausea and vomiting, the appearance of diarrhea, the deterioration of appetite, pain in the epigastria, drowsiness, soreness in the chest. A little more often complaints are on headaches and dizziness.
Method of use and dose. The dosage of the drug strictly depends on the weight of the patient.
Tablets need to be taken entirely with water. Recommended doses:
- For patients with weighing less than 50 kg, the dose will be half the chalk 4 times a day,
- For those whose weight is in the range from 50 to 70 kg - 1 tablet three times a day,
- when weighing above 70, but less than 90 kg you need to take one and a half tablets three times a day,
- If the body weight exceeds the mark of 90 kg dosage remains the same (1.5 tablets), but the multiplicity of reception increases to 4 times a day.
Drops before use are bred in half a glass of water or another non-alcoholic beverage.
Dosage for children:
- kids with body weight below 7 kg are prescribed 8 drops, take the medicine from 3 to 4 times a day,
- Children, whose weight is in the interval between 7 and 12 kg, must take 9 drops for taking with the same reconciliation,
- If the weight of the child is above 12, but less than 20 kg, it is prescribed 14 drops with multiplicity of reception 3 times a day,
- Schoolchildren with weight from 21 to 30 kg give the same amount of drops, but the reception frequency can be increased to 4 times a day,
- with weight more than 30, but less than 40 kg drugs are prescribed in an amount of 16 drops with multiplicity of reception 3-4 times a day,
- Patient weight 40-50 kg - dose 25 drops,
- Patient weight 50-70 kg - dose 30 drops,
- With a body weight of 71 kg and higher - an effective dosage will be 40 drops.
Multiplicity of reception - three times a day.
A special syringe can be attached to the drug for easy dosing medication. It allows you to measure the medicine without opening the bottle.
Overdose. Givephenesin is a rather toxic component, so the excess of the recommended dose threatens the appearance of symptoms of intoxication in the form of muscle weakness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting.
Help: Purification of the stomach, the reception of sorbents, symptomatic therapy.
Interaction with other drugs. Preparations containing microelements of lithium and magnesium can enhance the expectorant effect of the drug.
Givephenezin enhances the effect of taking acetylsalicylic acid and paracetamol. Identical action is observed with the recent use of alcohol, as well as the simultaneous treatment of the drug and muscle relaxants, sleeping pills, drugs with a narcotic effect.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Store the medicine is recommended at room temperatures in a darkened place not more than 5 years.
Reviews: Most of the reviews about the preparation indicates its high efficiency as a means from dry cough. However, there are negative reviews, some of which are associated with the lack of expected effect (yet the medicine is not cheap), and the other part is characterized by an emphasis on the unpleasant bitter taste of the drug, which makes it difficult for the treatment of children, and the smell of alcohol.
We reviewed the most popular funds appointed with dry cough, which reduce its severity and pain. It's time to get acquainted with drugs that have an expectorant effect and are used with dry cough much more often anticipating.
Expectorant for dry cough
Such drugs are called upon not to stop cough, but to facilitate it by increasing the number of mucus allocated by bronchms and stimulating the bronchi to its elimination.
Well, who does not know this natural expectorant drug, which is known from Soviet times and has not lost its relevance to this day.
Pharmacodynamics. The active ingredient of the drug - Mukaltin is a polysaccharide of the Altea plants. To the question, from which cough "Mukaltin": dry or wet, it is impossible to definitely answer, because the physicians with the same success are prescribed and with dry cough and with a difficult moist. The drug contributes to the expansion of the bronchi (broncholitic) and sputum salvation (secretolitic). Partially weakens the cough, making it softer and rare, facilitates the flow of sputum from the lower respiratory tract upstairs, stimulating the peristaltics bronchiol and the activity of bronchial epithelial receptors.
Pharmacokinetics of drugs are not sufficiently studied, but it is known that it refers to the category of low-toxic drugs.
Contraindications for use. Hypersensitivity to medication components. Pediatrics are used from 1 year.
Use during pregnancy. In the instructions for the drug, nothing is said about the possibility of using medication during this period. But since the active substance of the drug is Altei's polysaccharide, and the plant itself is prohibited to apply up to 4 months of pregnancy, then most likely an expectorant drug with secretolithic activity should not be used in 1 trimester of pregnancy.
The side effects of the drug are limited to light allergic manifestations.
Method of use and dose. Mukaltin is produced in the form of brownish color tablets that need to swallow entirely.
Patients over 12 years old are prescribed 2 tablets for taking. Take a medicine in such a dosage you need 4 times a day before meals.
"Mukaltine" from dry cough to a child up to 3 years old is prescribed 1 tablet three times a day, the older kids are left as the same, and the multiplicity of reception is increased to 4.
Little babes of tablets are dissolved in a third of a glass of water, sweetening with sugar or fruit syrup.
The course of treatment can be long: from 1 week to 2 months.
Overdose may occur against a long-term reception of high doses and will manifest itself in the form of nausea and vomiting.
Interaction with other drugs. Dangerous reactions with the simultaneous use of Mukaltina and other drugs were not observed. Do not prescribe with antitussive means.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Keep Mukaltin at temperatures not exceeding 25 degrees, not more than 4 years.
Reviews: According to many Mukaltin patients, it was uncomplicated by less effective innovative drugs. And in fact, it is an efficient and inexpensive remedy for dry and difficult wet cough, which helps to safely solve the problem even to people with financial difficulties.
Popular expectorant combined drug based on vacambus extract and potassium bromide. Just like "Mukaltin" refers to the category of effective budget funds. Most often, Pertissin is prescribed from dry cough.
Pharmacodynamics. The potassium bromide (synthetic component) in the preparation provides a sedative effect on the central nervous system, due to the segregation, the cough reflex decreases somewhat.
The liquid extract of the thyme (vegetable part) with the simping of the bitterness simulates the serucleisturic and motor function of the bronchi and bronchiol, helps to reduce the viscosity of sputum and its active elimination.
The drug is found in a single form of release - a sweet syrup in 100 g of dark bottles. Contains alcohol.
There is quite a lot of contraindications from the cough in an efficient and popular means to use. This is the intolerance of the components of the medication, the unnecessary correction of heart failure, hypotension, atherosclerosis of vessels, anemia, kidney disease, diabetes mellitus. As well as the absorption of glucose and chronic alcoholism, which is associated with the entry into the medication of sugar syrup and ethyl alcohol.
Pediatrics are applied from 3 years. It is not recommended to take in periods of pregnancy and lactation.
Side effects are usually observed with long-term use of a dry cough agent. It may be nausea, heartburn, allergic reactions. The excess of bromide can cause the following symptoms: the oppressed state, depression, disorders of appetite and sleep, the decrease in the libido, disorder of coordination of movements, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, spindlers on the skin.
Method of use and dose. Patients over 12 years old syrup are prescribed 15 ml dosage three times a day.
Children's dosage depends on age. Children up to 6 years of age, a one-time dose (2.5 ml) is divorced with water (20 ml). Children 6-9 years old are prescribed 5 ml, 9-12 years old - 10 ml of syrup for 1 reception. Multiplicity of reception in all cases 3 times a day.
Overdose. The use of large doses of medication for a long time leads to the appearance of symptoms of bromoism. In this case, the drug is canceled, give salt laxatives and abundant drinks, spend symptomatic therapy.
Interaction with other drugs. Dangerous interactions were not observed. It is not recommended to be used simultaneously with antitussive means.
Storage conditions and shelf life. The drug is recommended to take care of children and stored at a temperature not higher than 25 degrees. Effective for 4 years.
Reviews of the preparation in the overwhelming majority of cases are positive both from doctors and patients.
In pharmacies, it is possible to occasionally meet the German preparation "Pertissin" in the form of tablets, however, its effectiveness is lower due to the lack of in potassium bromide.
Pharmacodynamics. Effective vegetative preparation based on 10 herbs with severe expectorant action. It helps to clean the bronchi, stimulating the discharge and removal of sputum, and has a good anti-inflammatory effect. The drug "Dr." from dry cough is prescribed in the form of a syrup or fruits with fruit-berry tastes, which very much like children, but prescribe them only to adult patients.
Contraindications for use. Syrup is not prescribed with hypersensitivity to medication components and under 3 years. Pastili is designed to treat adult patients, but are not recommended during pregnancy and lactation.
Syrup and pastini contain sugar, which must be taken into account patients with high blood glucose.
Side effects. Allergy is possible to any of the components of the drug.
Method of use and dose. Adult patients prescribed medicine in any form of release. Pastalki need to be dissolved with an interval of 2 hours no more than 10 pieces per day.
Syrup is prescribed 5-10 ml three times a day.
For 3-6 years, syrup is prescribed in a dosage of 2.5 ml, children under 14 years old - 2.5-5 ml with multiplicity of reception three times a day. Teens older than 14 years old adult doses.
The therapeutic course can be from 14 to 21 days.
There are no information about overdose and hazardous drug interactions. However, the medicine is not recommended to be used in conjunction with antitussive means.
Storage conditions and shelf life. The drug retains efficiency for 2 years, if it is stored at temperatures not higher than 30 degrees.
Reviews: About the drug mainly positive feedback. But many patients note the short effect of taking Pastille and Syrope, as well as insufficient effectiveness with a strong cough. As part of complex therapy, the drug has a very good and rapid effect.
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Effective expectorant based on the dry extract of ivy. From what cough "Prospan": dry or wet? The beneficial properties of the drug bring relief both dry and with a wet cough.
Release form. It should be noted immediately note that everyone can find a form of a drug that meets its needs. After all, the drug in pharmacies can be found in the form of a syrup (dosage 100 and 200 ml), effervested pills, oral cough solution, drops, loosening friction,
Pharmacodynamics. Saponins contained in ivyusha provide the drug the following effects: an increase in the amount of sputum and a decrease in its viscosity, stimulation of respiratory tract for removing the resulting mucus, expanding the bronchi due to the removal of spasms, light anti-kiss and antimicrobial effect. Does not affect the respiratory centers.
Pharmacokinetics medication is not described.
Contraindications for use. Hypersensitivity to medication components and fructose intolerance.
It is not recommended to take during pregnancy due to the lack of proven data.
Side effects. Complaints come extremely rarely. In case of CT diseases, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, pain in epigastria can be observed. Allergic reactions occur only in isolated cases.
Method of use and dose. Swiming tablets take 2-3 per day, dissolving them in a glass of water (better than hot). I appoint them to patients older than 4 years. Children under 12 are prescribed three times a day. Older patients are 1 tablet twice a day.
Syrup from dry and wet cough "Prospan" is allowed to use in pediatrics from the very birth of a child. Baby and kids up to 6 years of age, syrup are prescribed 2.5 ml for taking. Patients 6-18 years old are recommended a dose of 5 ml, over 18 years 0 from 5 to 7.5 ml. Multiplicity of medication reception - 3 times a day.
The solution from the cough "Prospan" is smeared in the poems that need to be used before use. Take a solution without diluting with water. Recommended for use from 6 years of age.
Children from 6 to 12 years old are prescribed 1 stick twice a day. Senior patients are given in the same dosage, but already 3 times a day.
Pastalki "Prospan" is also designed for patients older than 6 years. Until the age of 12, 2 pupinels per day are prescribed, after - 4 Pastili.
Drops "Prospan" are allowed to use from one year old age. Up to 4 years, children give 12 drops, from 4 to 10 years - 16 drops, over 10 years old - 24 drops for taking. Multiplicity of medication reception - 3 times a day.
The course of treatment usually takes at least 1 week.
Overdose. High doses receiving can lead to the appearance of the following symptoms: nausea with bits of vomiting, diarrhea, increased excitability, anxiety. A dose reduction and symptomatic treatment is required.
Interaction with other drugs. The medicine can be used with any other drugs.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Store any forms of the drug needed at room temperatures in a darkened place no more than years. After opening the bottle with syrup, it must be used for 3 months.
Reviews: like other means from dry cough "Prospan" has opposite reviews. His plus parents consider the pleasant taste and the possibility of applying from birth, disadvantage - the high price of the drug, which shows good results mainly in complex treatment.
Syrup root licorice
The fact that the medicinal plant of licorice with his and in fact a sweet taste is useful for coughing, people knew for a long time. And soon the pharmacists became interested in him. This appeared another inexpensive, but very effective drug.
From what cough licorice: dry or wet? Most often, the plant is used to relieve an expectoration if the patient is tormented by a dry cough. But it will be useful and in the event that the cough is productive, but the mucus formed in the respiratory tract does not want to leave the body independently.
Pharmacodynamics. Syrup was created on the basis of not the plant itself, but its root. The licorice root contains a lot of useful substances, among which glycyrrhizine is distinguished - the substance that stimulates the activity of the epithelium of the respiratory tract and increases the amount of secretion of the secret. And this is very important when dry cough. Other substances contained in licorice help to stop inflammation and prevent the bronchus muscles spasms, which also facilitates cough and respiratory condition.
Data on pharmacokinetics are absent.
Contraindications for use. It is impossible to use syrup with hypersensitivity to its constituent, severe pathologies of liver and kidney, in which their function is broken, potassium deficiency (hypokalemia), arterial hypertension, obesity 2-3 degrees. Pediatrics applied from 1 year.
Syrup contains sugar, which must be taken into account patients with diabetes mellitus.
Using during pregnancy is prohibited due to the risk of raising estrogen levels, which may cause premature birth. During the treatment of licorice ceases to breastfeeding.
Side effects. Rarely, allergic reactions may appear in the case of hypersensitivity, up to the edema of the throat.
If the licorice is from dry cough for a long time to take in high doses, it can lead to a violation of the water and electrolyte balance, and as a result of hypokalemia, which is manifested by edema syndrome, increase pressure, muscle pain and muscle aton.
Method of use and dose. Syrup of licorice from dry cough doctors advise to take immediately after meals.
If a patient for more than 12 years for one admission, he needs to receive 15 ml of syrup.
Golodka from dry cough for children is prescribed based on the age of the child:
- Dose from year to 3 years will be 2.5 ml,
- Children from 4 to 7 years can be prescribed from 2.5 to 5 ml,
- A dose for schoolchildren up to 9 years is ranging from 5 to 7, 5 ml, and for older adolescents can reach 10 ml.
Regardless of the age of the patient, the drug is carried out 3, in some cases 4 times a day, as a doctor prescribes.
Overdose. Most often, it is manifested in the form of increasing side effects, and in particular, hypokalemia is possible.
Interaction with other drugs. Cardiac glycosides and medicines used in arrhythmias, thiazide and looped diuretic drugs, rehabilitation agents increase the likelihood of hypokalemia and increase its symptoms.
Storage conditions and shelf life. At temperatures in the range of 20-25 degrees, syrup is well stored for 2 years. If the bottle was opened, it is necessary to use the medicine for a maximum of 6 months.
Reviews: Many buyers are simply surprised that cheap syrup gives such a good effect that they did not wait for more expensive drugs. I am glad and the taste of the drug. From the shortcomings, everyone indicates only for the presence of alcohol.
Another medicinal plant, applied from the long cough, is called alta. Based on its root, medicinal syrup is made.
Pharmacodynamics. Altea's root, like licorice, contains a lot of useful substances: polysaccharides, pectins, starch, amino acids. It is due to them that the drug has many properties that facilitate cough: envelops the mucousness of the respiratory tract, soften it and remove inflammation, increase the amount of mucus released and make it more liquid, stimulate the peristaltics bronchiole and the activity of the bronchial epithelium, thereby providing an expectorant effect.
Pharmacokinetics also did not study.
Contraindications for use. The drug should not be taken with the intolerance of a drug component. It is prohibited by its reception during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Care will have to show with diabetes mellitus. Children sweet medicine are prescribed from 2 years of age.
Side effects. The medicine is moved well, only in rare cases causing allergic reactions.
Method of use and dose. Unlike the licorice syrup, Altea extract must be taken before meals, necessarily shaking the bottle.
Adolescents from 14 years and adult patients prescribe a medicine in a single dosage of 15 ml, which corresponds to an incomplete tablespoon.
Dose for children up to 6 years of age is 5 ml, and for older children - 10 ml. Todders up to 6 years, a drug containing alcohol is advisable to breed with water in a ratio of 1: 2 or 1: 3.
The multiplicity of drug reception may vary from 4 to 6 times a day. The course treatment is usually 1-2 weeks.
On the overdose of the drug was not reported.
Interaction with other drugs. Do not stand the drug to take together with antitussive drugs.
Storage conditions and shelf life. The storage of the drug at a temperature not higher than 25 degrees is possible for 2 years. If the bottle was opened, it will have to be stored in the cold (5-8 degrees) and not more than 14 days.
Reviews: Opinions about this drug converge with feedback on licorice syrup. Cheap and fairly effective.
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Tablets and medicines with thermopsis
We have already mentioned the thermopsis and its expectorant properties, considering the drug "Codelak". So it is not surprising that the thermopsis in the form of pills, brazers and mixtures is applied from dry cough.
Release form. On the shelves of pharmacies can be found mainly tablets with thermopsis under different names: "Thermopswall", "Antitusin", "Cough pills". Dry herb extract, its infusion and medicine are applied less often.
Contraindications for use. In whatever form the drug was issued, it cannot be appointed in the following cases:
- Hypersensitivity to the components of the drug,
- ulcer of the stomach and DPK during the exacerbation period,
- The pathology of the lungs, in which there is a risk of heaming,
- sharp stages of inflammatory kidney diseases (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis),
- age under 12 years old (not practice is prescribed from 6 years)
- Periods of pregnancy (increases the uterus tone) and breastfeeding (contains alkaloids).
Sometimes thermopsis can be prescribed to pregnant women, but in order of exception and only in the last month of pregnancy.
Side effects. The reception of thermopsis drugs can be accompanied by such symptoms as nausea and vomiting, epigastric pain, the development of allergic reactions of varying severity.
Method of use and dose. Tablets are taken in no dependence on food intake, swallowing them entirely and drinking water.
Dosage for adults and adolescents older than 12 years is 1 tablet for taking. Children's dose is 2 times less (halfway).
Take the medicine you need 3 times a day.
Children from 4 months can be given the infusion of thermopsis (0.2 grams of crushed grass on a glass of water, heated a quarter of an hour in a water bath). Dosage for babies up to a year - 5 ml of infusion, multiplicity of reception 2-3 times a day. Children over 1 years old are given in 10 ml of infusion from 3 to 4 times a day.
For the preparation of infusion patients over 6 years of grass take 3 times more on the same amount of water. Children under 12 should take 5 ml of infusion from 4 to 3 times a day. Older patients are increased to 15 ml with the same reception multiplicity.
The dry extract of thermopsis is designed to treat patients over 6 years old. One-time dosage for children under 12 years old - 0.025 g, for adults - 0.05 g. Take the extract doctor can designate 2 or 3 times a day, spreading it in water (1-3 centuries).
The cough medicine in bags is recommended to give patients over 12 years old, although its use is not excluded and aged 6-12 years. Before applying, the medicine is bred by water.
Adult dosage: 1 bag 3-4 times a day, children's - 2 times less at the same multiplicity of reception.
The course of treatment is short (from 3 to 5 days).
Overdose. If taking high doses of drugs may appear nausea and vomiting. In this case, it is necessary to wash the stomach, the reception of sorbents and antiemetic agents.
Interaction with other drugs. Any forms of the drug are forbidden to take together with antitussive means.
Enterosorbents, antacids, means with enveloping and binder inhibit the absorption of active substances of the drug, so the interval between their reception should be at least 1-1.5 hours.
Storage conditions and shelf life. The infusion of thermopsis should be stored in the refrigerator no more than 3 days. Other forms of the drug retain their properties during storage under room temperatures, in the light-protected place. Tablets are stored up to 4 years.
Reviews: Medicines based on thermopsis have very good reviews. Only 5 people from 100 may say that improvements, alas, has not come.
Mulcolics and complex drugs
It is possible that with a dry cough, the flourities are applied not as often as expectorant means, however, they are actively prescribed if the cough is not quite dry, the bey of the cough is quite strong, and the sputum does not move away due to high viscosity. It helps in this case and abundant drink, but if it does not give results, you have to resort to the help of drugs, especially since many flourities are characteristic of some expectorant action.
The mechanism of action: the drug effectively dilutes the sputum and stimulates education in the lightweight substance that regulates the operational of the secret and its characteristics.
From what cough ambroxol: dry or wet? The drug is equally successful can be used at different types of cough if the debit of sputum is difficult.
All the perforous forms of drug are quickly absorbed into the gastrointestinal tract, distributing in the body. Its highest concentration is observed in the lungs. Maximum concentration can be observed after half an hour, although it may come later for tablets later. Penetrates various liquid media, including maternal milk. Does not accumulate in the body. Keeps efficiency for more than 7 hours. The revelation of the drug is engaged in kidneys.
The drug in pharmacies can be found in the form of a syrup of various concentrations, tablets and inhalation mortar in ampoules.
What are the contraindications? As usual, the main obstacle to the use of medication is the intolerance to its components. But doctors are not recommended to take it also with ulcer of stomach and DPK, convulsive syndrome.
Using during pregnancy is limited, because in the early deadlines and with breastfeeding, the medicine can have a negative impact on the baby.
Side effects arise in rare cases and manifest themselves in the form of nausea, heartburn, gravity and feelings of the overflow of the stomach, migraine, violation of taste perception. Other symptoms are very rarely observed.
How to take a medicine? Tablets in most cases are prescribed to adult patients. Take the medicine recommended after eating, not chewing, floating with clean water. A day will have to take 2-3 tablets.
Syrup 30 mg / 5 ml is a drug for patients whose age is more than 12 years. It is prescribed in the dosage of 10 ml for taking with the multiplicity of reception three times a day. Day after three multiplicities are reduced to 2 times a day.
15 mg / 5 ml syrup is considered a children's medicine. It can be given from a period of newborn in such dosages:
- Until the 2nd age, the kids receive 2.5 ml for the reception twice a day,
- From 2 to 6 years of age, the medicine is given in the same dosage, but already 3 times a day,
- Children under 12 should take 5 ml of syrup, it is necessary to do it depending on the appointments of the doctor 2 or 3 times a day.
A solution in ampoules is already severe artillery. It is used mainly in difficult and launched cases for in / m and in / in injection. Adult patients 2 or 3 times a day introduce the drug in the amount of 2-3 ampoules. Children of different ages are prescribed from half to 1 ampoules, which are injected with the same multiple.
The therapeutic course usually does not exceed 5 days.
15 mg / 5 ml syrup can be taken with diabetes mellitus.
There was no information about the overdose of information.
Opportunities with other medicines . It is undesirable to combine medicine with anti-facasses. The drug is able to increase the concentration of antibiotics in the blood.
Store ambroxol syrup is needed in a dry, sun-protected place at room temperatures not more than 2 years. Opened bottle store no more than a month. The shelf life of the tablets is 3 years.
Reviews: According to many users, this is the best preparation from cough. Pleases efficiency, as well as the price of tablets and syrup. Syrup has a pleasant taste.
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Very popular drug that does not need advertising. Doctors prescribe it and children, and parents, which is very convenient. The active substance of the medication is all the same ambroxol, so the question, from which cough "Lazolyvan": dry or wet, is already irrelevant, because we disassembled it, considering the previous drug.
By the way, "Lazolyvan" is produced in the same forms as "ambroxol". True, the drug can be found in the form of a solution for a perplex reception in bottles.
"Lazolyvan" from dry cough for children can be drilled in 3 forms: in the form of a syrup and a solution used for inhalations or injections, as well as the composition for a perplex reception. Tablets in the dosage of 15 mg allowed to give to children from the age of 6. Since 12, children are moving on an adult dosage, which corresponds to the doses of the drug "Ambroxol".
The solution for perrrinal reception is recommended in the following dosages:
- Patients are 12 years old and older take 4 ml of solution first 3, and a couple of days 2 times a day,
- children from 5 years old are shown 2 ml of drug 2 or 3 times a day,
- Todders up to 5 years are given a dose of 1 ml, the doctor's multiplicity is determined by the doctor.
How to keep medicine? Any form of the drug is better to store at temperatures not above 25 degrees, away from sunlight and not more than 5 years.
Reviews: Users likes the rapid positive effect of drug intake. Very effective as a means for inhalations. Syrup has a very convenient measuring cup. The disadvantage is a fairly high price compared to the analogue of "Ambroxol".
Another popular budget preparation from cough, which can be purchased in such formas of release: tablets with different dosages, syrup in bottles of 60 to 120 ml, solutions (perforable and inhalation).
Pharmacodynamics. A small-toxic preparation that increases the production of sputum and a decrease in its viscosity. Somewhat increases the activity of the recreation epithelium of the respiratory tract. The active substance of the drug - bromgexine - similar to action with ambroxol.
From what cough "bromgexin": dry or wet? From any where it is necessary to facilitate the removal of the bronchial secret.
Pharmacokinetics. The medicine of any form of release is quickly absorbed into the blood, which reaches a maximum of concentration hour after receiving. His half-life is higher than that of ambroxol almost 2 times. Excaped mainly kidneys. A good penetrating ability allows bromgexin to fall different physiological fluids. Breast milk and an accumulating liquid are no exception.
In what cases is "bromgexin" contraindicated? It is strictly not recommended to use medication with hypersensitivity, aggravation of stomach and DPK ulcers. Syrup is not prescribed with fructose intolerance. The use of bromgexine in the early period of pregnancy and when feeding the child, the breasts is extremely undesirable.
Side effects rarely arise. It may be nausea with episodes of vomiting, dyspepsia, dizziness, fever, malfunctions in the work of the liver or allergic reactions.
How to take a medicine? Bromgexin tablets from dry cough is allowed to use from 2 years of age. They can be swallowed entirely or disperse into smaller parts (kids can be chopped into powder and dilute with water).
Todders up to 6 years old are half the chalk 3 times a day. Patients older than 6 years are taken on one tablet 3 or 4 times a day. Dose can be increased.
Syrup is equipped with a measuring spoon in order to be more convenient to measure the desired dose. For babies and children under 6 years of age measuring 1 dimensional spoonful three times a day. For children under 14 years old, the dosage increases to 2 spoons, and the multiplicity of reception does not change.
Patients over 14 can prescribe from 2 to 4 spoons three times a day.
After passing the course treatment (4-5 days), you need to clarify the possibility of further medication.
About serious cases of overdose was not reported, but not worth checking.
The drug can be combined with any medicines, except anti-killers. But it must be remembered that bromgexidine is able to increase the blood concentration of antibiotics.
Store the medicine of any form of release is needed at a temperature not exceeding 25 degrees. Syrup (if the bottle was not discovered) retains its effectiveness for 3 years, the outdoor bottle can be stored no more than a month. Tablets have a shelf life of 3 years.
Reviews: Before the appearance of the drug "Lazolyvan" Tablets "Bromhexin" used wide and well-deserved popularity. But more expensive drugs teach budget. Alas, users note that the former Soviet drug was much more effective than modern imported.
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Many people know this drug for tasty drinks that prepare from it. The medicine manufacturers are produced in the form of effervescent pills soluble in water, and powder in bags or vials (for children), from which a hot or cold healing drink is prepared.
It is believed that the ACC is a cure for a cold. In fact, this is a good flourism, which promotes sputtering sputum and easier to remove it from the body.
As in the case of other mucolithics, it makes no sense to ask, from which cough of the ACC: dry or wet, because these drugs find their use and with dry cough, and with a wet, if the sputum has a high viscosity and cleans it difficult.
By the way, the acetylcysteine (active substance of the drug) has found its use and as an antidote, therefore the drug can be used in paracetamol, aldehydes or phenols overdose.
Pharmacokinetics. The active substance of the drug is quickly absorbed, and penetrating their gasts into the blood, creates a maximum concentration after 1-2.5 hours. Most of the metabolites are found in the urine and a little in feces.
ADCs are not prescribed with increased sensitivity to the drug, peptic ulcers and other ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, pulmonary bleeding and hem behafts, fructose intolerance.
In childhood, the ACC is not prescribed by the diagnosis of "hepatitis" and disorders of the kidney. In other cases, the drug can be appointed from 10 days of the baby's life.
Use during pregnancy is permissible with the permission of the doctor. Although the drug is able to accumulate in oily water, but there is no toxic effect on the fruit.
Reception of the drug may be accompanied by the development of stomatitis, dyspeptic phenomena, headache. Sometimes there are complaints about noise in ears, allergic reactions, tachycardia and decreased blood pressure.
How to take medicine? The preparation of the ACC during dry cough is recommended to take after eating to reduce the negative impact on the gastrointestinal mucosa. Tablets and powder are divorced by any liquid.
Todders up to 2 years old are given only 50 mg of the drug in tablets or powder the multiplicity of reception - 2 or 3 times a day. For up to 5 years old, for one reception, they give 100-150 mg 2 times a day. Children under 14 should take twice a day at 150-200 mg of medication. The daily dose for patients over the age of 14 will be from 400 to 600 mg.
Typically, treatment with the drug is carried out no more than 1 week, but if necessary, coursework is possible for six months.
Overdose is not dangerous for life and manifests itself in the form of increasing dyspepsia.
Dangerous drug interactions . In the treatment of children, the ADC is not combined with tetracycline antibiotics.
The drug is incompatible with semi-synthetic antimicrobial means from a number of penicillins, as well as with cephalosporins and aminoglycosides. Caution must be observed in the prescription of other antibiotics and nitroglycerin (the vasodilatory action is enhanced). The interval between the reception of drugs should be at least 2 hours.
It is unacceptable to appoint the ADC along with anti-killers.
Keep the medicine at temperatures up to 30 degrees. The prepared solution must be used for 12 days, provided it is stored in the refrigerator.
Reviews: Users like and effective help with dry and difficult cough, and the taste of the drug, but confuse side effects.
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Preparation from cough in the form of syrups for children (2%) and adults (5%).
"Fludico" is a less well-known carbocysteine based drug, which improves high-quality and quantitative indicators of sputum, due to which its elimination of the body is accelerated. It is observed behind him and an expectorant effect by stimulating the bronchi eyelash epithelium. Additionally, the medicine contributes to the strengthening of common and local immunity, has an anti-inflammatory effect on all sense of smell and hearing.
Pharmacokinetics. Quickly absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. The highest concentration in the blood reaches 2-3 hours and operates for 8 hours. Excreted by the kidneys.
The medicine is dangerous to apply in hypersensitivity to components, exacerbation of inflammatory processes in the kidneys and urinary tract, in the acute phase of the ulcer of the stomach and DPK, during lactation. Caution is observed with chronic ulcerative pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract and diabetes.
During pregnancy, a drug is allowed from 14 weeks and only under the control of the doctor.
Children's syrup is designed to treat children over 2 years old. Adult drug is prescribed from 15 years of age.
Are there any side effects? Unpleasant symptoms during medication therapy are rarely observed. Most often it is weakness and pain in the head, dizziness and gastric pain, liquid chair and nausea. Allergic reactions of varying severity are in isolated cases.
How to take the drug right? Syrup must be taken between meals.
5% Syrudice Syrup from dry cough Adults are prescribed 15 ml three times a day.
2% children's syrup kids give 5 ml dosage. Up to 5 years, the medicine is given 2 times, after 5 years - 3 times a day.
Course of treatment on average 7-10 days.
Overdose. There is an increase in side effects. Help is to wash the stomach and appointment of enterosorbents.
There is a phenomenon of synergies with simultaneous intake of steroids and the drug "Fluedice".
The drug enhances the specific effect of antibiotics and the bronchological effect of theophylline.
Beneficial agents and preparations of atropine are able to reduce the effectiveness of the "Flue-Data".
How to keep medicine? Store syrups at room temperature for 2 years.
Reviews: Most reviews about the preparation are positive, but there are also those where people claim that the drug not only did not help, but also worsened the state. The taste of many seems excessively sweet, like not everyone. Do not please and price medication.
Other preparations with a specific action
In cough therapy, the appointments and natural drugs that combine pronounced expectorant and musolitic effects in themselves. Such means from dry and wet cough are popular in the treatment of such categories of people as children, pregnant women, old men.
A multi-component plant with a complex action, which is produced in the form of syrup 3 species (normal, without sugar and plus, an aisphere) and Pastille with different tastes.
Pharmacodynamics. The medicine is characterized by a musolitic, antipyretic and topless effect. The active substances of the drug also have stimulated the bronchial epithelium to remove sputum, relieve inflammation and spasms.
There are no data on pharmacokinetics.
Contraindications for use. It is dangerous to prescribe syrups and pastini patients with hypersensitivity to their components. Sweet syrups are unacceptable to take patients with diabetes.
In pediatrics, sweet medicine (syrup) is used since six months. Pastalki is prescribed only to adult patients.
Linkas is allowed during pregnancy only with the consent of the attending physician. From breastfeeding during treatment with the drug is better to refuse.
Side effects are extremely rare. These are usually various allergic reactions.
Method of use and dose. Linkas from dry cough in the form of a syrup is prescribed in accordance with the age of the patient:
- Children under 3 years for one reception give 2.5 ml of syrup three times a day,
- Elder kids dose increase to 5 ml, from 8 years the drug is taken not 3, and 4 times a day,
- Adult dose - 30-40 ml per day.
Reception of the drug does not depend on the time of food eating. It is not recommended to dilute the medicine.
Pastiliki adults are prescribed one with an interval of 2-3 hours, but not more than 8 per day.
The therapeutic course is usually about 3 to 7 days.
Overdose. No messages.
Interaction with other drugs. It is not recommended to combine with antitussive agents used in dry cough.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Store medicine at temperatures in the interval from 15 to 25 degrees not more than 3 years.
Reviews: Users like the price, and composition, and the effect of taking medication. True, he does not help everyone. There are reviews on side effects and hazardous additives with the letter "E".
"Stodal" is a unique 10-component homeopathic preparation in the form of a syrup, which can be used both from the wet and dry cough.
Pharmacodynamics. The base of the drug is vegetable substances that contribute to the move of cough into the wet. The medicine has a pronounced expectorant, bronchorated, antispasmodic and muscolithic effect. There is also a certain antitussive effect.
It is not possible to describe the pharmacodynamics of the drug.
Contraindications for use. The drug is not prescribed with intolerance of at least one of the components of the apparatus, including fructose.
Caution prescribed medicine during pregnancy and lactation (contains ethanol), as well as in patient therapy with diabetes mellitus (contains sugar).
Side effects and overdose cases have not yet been noted.
Method of use and dose. The drug is allowed to use in newborns and old-age people.
Children medication is given in a dosage of 5 ml. Adult dosage is 15 ml for taking.
Take syrup you need from 3 to 5 times a day. The effect should be noticeable on the third day, but if it is not even a week later, the drug is canceled.
Interaction with other drugs. As a homeopathic facility "Stodal" does not enter into hazardous reactions with other drugs. It can be included in the complex therapy.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Keep the preparation at room temperature for 5 years.
Reviews: relatively inexpensive and effective homeopathic preparation, but in case of a launched heavy cough, the effect is insufficient. Do not like long term treatment.
Some drugs, in the testimony for the use of which nothing is said about cough, however, they can have a positive effect on the patient's condition with an unproductive cough.
This drug is not considered a cough medicine in the literal sense of the word, although it allows you to deal with it. From what cough helps "Erispal": dry or wet? It is prescribed regardless of whether the cough is accompanied by sputum or not.
Pharmacodynamics. The active substance of the drug - Fenspirid. The main effects of the drug is to relieve inflammation, a decrease in the development of inflammatory exudate, preventing the violation of the respiratory tract. The drug does not increase the production of sputum, which can be useful in dry cough, which is the residual phenomenon of colds, with bronchial asthma and chronic bronchitis, allergic diseases.
Contraindications for use. It does not apply with increased sensitivity to the constituent medication.
Information about the effect of Fenspirid on the fetus is absent, so it is undesirable to use it during pregnancy. For the period of treatment, the drug is worth interrupted breastfeeding.
Side effects. Reception of medication may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, pain and weight in epigastrics, drowsiness, minor increase in heart rate, allergic reactions, including angioedema edema.
Method of use and dose. The drug has 2 forms of release: syrup and tablets. Who need to take before eating.
Patients over 14 years old prescribe a medicine in the form of tablets (1 tablet twice a day) or syrup (from 3 to 6 tbsp. Per day).
Children up to 14 years old from dry cough is predominantly syrup "Erispal". Breeding with weight up to 10 kg syrup is given in a dosage of 5-10 ml twice a day. Elder kids have a one-time dose increase to 10-20 ml.
There were no cases of overdose and hazardous drug interaction.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Tablets "Erispal" at room temperature retain their properties for 2 years, syrup - 3 years.
Reviews: Reviews about the drug are such that he helps from cough, but the sputum will not actively stand out. But as an anti-inflammatory drug "Erispal" has proven itself well. Do not like people price and taste (especially aftertaste) medication. Some are tuned to heavy side effects of the drug.
Dry cough antibiotics
Antibiotic therapy is an important part of the treatment of infectious inflammatory cold pathologies. Antibacterial drugs The doctor may appoint with an angina, bronchitis, laryngitis and any other pathology, in which a person suffers from dry or wet cough. Usually, the appointment is carried out at the beginning of the disease, when the cough is not yet accompanied by plenty of sputum.
Assign antimicrobial agents depending on the causative agent of the disease. But since the disease is easier to treat, capturing it at the very beginning, and the time to identify the pathogen is required, then doctors prefer to resort to the help of the antibiotics of a wide range of action. Most often prescribe preparations of penicillin and cephalosporinic rows ("amoxicillin", "Augmentin", "Amoxiclav", "Amoxyl", "Flexin Solutab", "Ceftriakson"), as well as macrolides (most often "summable").
Antibiotics from dry cough adults can be assigned in various form of release: tablets, syrups, injection solutions and powders for their preparation. Antibiotics from dry cough children are better prescribed in the form of syrups and suspensions, and in severe cases - injection solutions.
But you need to understand that the unproductive cough is only a symptom of pathology, which is treated not so much antibiotics as special means from dry cough. In addition, the purpose of antibiotics with their multiple side effects is not always justified (for example, with allergic or viral pathologies, smoker cough).
It is necessary to understand that antibiotics, helping the body to fight infection, at the same time kill natural immunity and useful microflora, thereby weakening it. So without much need to get involved in such medicines.
The body itself is trying to get rid of the infectious factor with the help of the same cough. Antibiotics should only inactivate the infection, not to multiply, but the means from dry cough will help with the sputum to bring pathogenic bacteria outside the body, ensuring fast recovery.
People's Treatment of dry cough
Dry cough can have different reasons, so it is necessary to begin to treat it only after the reason becomes known. The diagnosis should be a specialist doctor who will appoint effective treatment. Most often doctors prescribe pharmacy drugs, among which there are quite safe herbal medicines. But if there is no possibility to get into the pharmacy, then proven folk recipes will come to the rescue.
Folk remedies from dry cough:
- Radish with honey - This is almost the most popular folk remedy for cough. In a large black radish, they make a deepening that is filled with honey overnight. In the morning, the medicine can already be taken at 1 spoon to 4 times a day.
- Ginger, lemon and honey . Purified ginger root grasp and squeeze juice. To add the same amount of lemon juice to a teaspoon of ginger juice and 2 times less than honey. Take the composition of 1 tsp. Every 30 minutes, holding it a little in his mouth.
- Garlic, honey and vodka - This is a medicine for adults. 2 garlic teeth crushed and mix with a tablespoon of honey and two spoons of vodka. Insist. Take 1 tsp. Twice a day, then a day break and repeat treatment.
Help with dry cough and grass with an expectorant, musolitic and anti-inflammatory effect: licorice, alha, thermopsis, as well as calendula, mother-and-stepmother, a richness, St. John's wort, oregano and others.
Adult herbs from dry cough can be given in the form of beams and infusions. It is useful to cook drinks not with one grass, but with several. For example, mix the root of licorice, oregano, a chamber and chamomile. Such a decoction will have an expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect. You can also use the finished pharmacy collection of herbs from dry cough.
Herbs from dry cough for children will be the safest medicine. But small patients are extremely reluctant to drink bitter decoctions and infusions. It is best to try from them to make useful delicacies - lollipops. Those. Add sugar sugar and to boost it to the state, when the composition drops will stay together in water and falls on the bottom of the dishes.
Another popular peopling from dry cough is homemade milk, which helps better many drugs to cope with a dry "barking" cough. Drinks based on milk help to ignite wets and take them out of the respiratory tract, soothing effect on the throat mucosa, give the body to combat the disease.
Milk-based drugs are suitable for both children and adults, if they have no reaction of intolerance to the products used. In pediatrics, recipes based on cow and goat milk are prescribed to children over 3 years old. But if in the diet of the baby milk attended before, such recipes are suitable for him.
Most often from dry cough use milk with honey. On a glass of milk you need to take only 1 tsp. Honey. Drink 1-2 times warm.
Honey is better to take linden or buckwheat. Milk should not be hot, because it is possible to reduce honey to not.
The described recipe is recommended to add another piece of butter, which will strengthen the effect of tasty medication. To drink in the day in 3-4 approaches in warm form.
In order for the recipe to like the kids to milk and honey add a half crushed in a banana blender.
Milk with soda helps very well from the painful dry cough, because the soda contributes to the rapid and soft liquefaction of the mucus, and the milk helps to remove it and relieve inflammation. In this case, the glass of milk needs to be taken 1/3 of C.L. soda. Medicine needs to drink immediately.
This recipe must be applied to meals 2 times a day.
There is also a mass of various means from dry cough based on milk, but this is already the topic for a separate article.
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Funds from dry cough in 1, 2, 3 trimester pregnancy
Probably, it is hard to hurt that is the future mommy, because they are responsible for the health of the baby. Do not treat the disease is dangerous for both, but the treatment is complicated by the fact that not every medicine is suitable for use during pregnancy.
Treatment of herbs during this period seems to be the most acceptable, but it is necessary to understand that some of the herbs can negatively affect the course of pregnancy, for example, causing a cut in the uterus. So popular antitussive herbs: alta, licorice, a chamber and thermopsis are not suitable for women in a delicate position and nursing mothers. So in any case, without consulting the doctor can not do.
In addition, take herbs as a basis of treatment is not always obtained, and again you have to contact pharmacy drugs.
The pharmacy means from dry cough in different ways act on the body of the future mother and its unborn baby. Thus, the preparations "Synekod", "Omnitus", "Stoptussin" "Ambroxol", "Lazolyvan", "Bromgexidine" and "Fluditec" is allowed to prescribe from the second trimester of pregnancy.
But the Syrup "Doctor IOM" will help the future mommy to cope with the disease of even not early pregnancy. His folk recipes based on milk, which are also safe in such an important period.
Fizprocessors with dry cough at home
One of the safest and most effective methods of treating dry cough are thermal procedures (warming trinics and compresses), as well as inhalations that doctors are recommended to conduct with a nebulizer.
Warming compresses on breasts and spins are very helpful from dry cough, irritating sensitive receptors responsible for the removal of sputum, thinning mucus accumulating in bronchi and having a calming effect with a painful unproductive cough, accompanied by sore throat and head.
You need to put compresses at least 4-5 hours, which means it is better to do it at night. I need to put compresses correctly. First, natural fabric is impregnated with the healing composition impregnated with therapeutic composition, then it is coated with a polyethylene film or compress paper and warmly insulated with a wool cloth.
For children and adults, a safe compress of boiled potatoes in the "uniforms" is well suited. Potatoes knead and make two cakes from it, which are placed by hot on the chest and the back of the patient, pre-coated linen or x / b to the cloth. Top plays a film and insulation. When the compress is slightly charging, the tissue between the body and potato cake is removed and leave potatoes before cooled.
Compress with honey and vodka make otherwise. First, the body of the patient is well lubricated with liquid honey, then it is covered with a cloth impregnated with warm vodka (for children 1 part of the vodka is mixed with 3 parts of water), the film and insulation are placed on top. This composition can be kept even until the morning, however, like another compress that is suitable for both young children and their parents.
The natural fabric is folded several times, soaked with warm vegetable oil, and then put the patient on the chest and the back of the patient, covering the film and warm tissue.
After the compress is removed, it is recommended to lie down in warmth a couple more hours so that the body is at the place of the compression acquired a normal temperature.
Another very fast and relatively safe way to cope with a dry cough is inhalation. Nebulizer will help to spend this procedure as efficiently as possible, and the trace will not remain from dry cough. A replacement will come a productive wet cough, which is a harbinger of emergency recovery.
The use of a nebulizer avoids the negative effect of drugs on the gastrointestinal mucosa. At the same time, the drug particles can penetrate deeply into the respiratory tract, providing their specific effect there. The air will not be very hot, as with steam inhalations, which means that such treatment is perfect for children.
According to the rules, first inhalation are carried out by armored drugs, and then expectorant means and mulitics. Some drugs ("Ambroxol", "Lazolyvan", "Bromgexin") have even a special form of release in the form of an inhalation solution, which is recommended to be mixed with saline or mineral water, which itself is an effective inhalation.
For example, small kids can assign 1-2 inhalations per day "Ambroxol" using 1 ampoule (2 ml) of the drug, mixed with the same amount of saline.
In the case of "Lazolyvan", children under 2 years old can be assigned a solution in an amount of 1 ml, for children under 6 years old are used 1 ampoule (2 ml), elder kids for inhalations are used from 2 to 3 ml of inhaled solution.
Inhalation "bromgexidine" is carried out 2 times a day, using 2 ml ampoules for patients over 10 years old, for children over 6 years old - 1 ampoule of pharmaceutical solution for inhalations, for kids 2-6 years - Total 10 drops of the drug, for newborns And kids up to 2 years old - 5 drops of solution.
Using various means from dry cough, helping the therapy of the underlying disease, one cannot forget that cough is only one of the symptoms of the disease that requires an integrated approach to treatment. Only in this case it will be possible to defeat the disease and warn cough transition into a chronic form, in which it will need to be treated with almost the remaining life at the slightest exacerbation of the disease.
The opinions of doctors and experts were divided into discussion of the topic, when it starts and how much cough lasts with coronavirus. The unpredictability of the pathogen gives a different clinical picture. Numerous recommendations than to treat dry cough at home, depend on the stage of development of the symptom, the form of the course of the disease and other factors.
What day the dry cough appears when Coronavirus
Depending on the course of the disease, different people described characteristic and individual signs. The degree of intensity of symptoms depends on the state of immunity and the number of virus in the body. Hence the discrepancies in the special literature, even on the question, whether the spectacle or irritation of cough receptors, or irritation of coughing receptors, it remains unproductive. However, some patterns are still identified:
- In the characteristic course, the emergence of the symptom in the first three days is noted. With proper therapy or self-administration, cough is quickly passed.
- In the event of a lesion, fraught in the further development of complications, the cough is replaced by a barking, but unproductive.
- In a light, asymptomatic course, the cough can manifest itself only as a slight allocation. The symptom is so insignificant that he does not give values or just do not notice.
In each particular case, the doctor decides what tactic is more appropriate. Treat cough with coronavirus is advised if the frequency of attacks is noted, their duration, as well as additional, uncharacteristic signs: shortness of breath, wet branch, the development of pulmonary spasms.
To reduce the assay, it is enough to exclude annoying components from food. It is also recommended to be located in a room where the stable temperature regime without drops is maintained, ensure that sufficient oxygen supply is supplied.
Causes of dry cough
The main factor in the development of the symptom is the effect of the pathogen that penetrated the body. Pulmonologs note that in most cases the cough is unproductive, often an annoying patient, exhausting its attacks. Some are confident that casing does not have the characteristic prideshoes, others say that the "Catching" cough differs from the usual and it can be easily defined by the disease.
Types of cough with different forms of illness:
- With a slight form, the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract is affected, while the cough receptors are irritated. This explains constant shaking. The strong oppression of the protective epithelium by the aggressor does not give a typical mucus separation. This happens at any ORVI, but in other cases unproductive, dry cough is trying to translate into wet. This is necessary to remove the toxins and products of the vital activity of the pathogen agent.
- The ladder, the adsatory and long cough develops with the swelling of the larynx, the presence of additional diseases of the respiratory system in the patient - chronic bronchitis of any etiology, bronchial asthma. This cough is treated because it annudits, causes painful sensations in the chest and can lead to complications.
- The causes of the appearance of shortness of shortness of breath, purulent or bleeding in the separated mucus usually lift in the penetration of the virus. Such symptoms appear when the virus penetrates into pulmonary fabrics due to the inflammatory process and intracellular destruction. In this case, it is necessary to do folk remedies and syrups on a natural basis, it is necessary for serious medication.
A short dry cough that occurs at the initial stage, does not appear in each patient. Some doctors are confident that you can drown an unpleasant symptom to get rid of inconvenience. In the standard ORVI protocol, it is trying to translate it into the productive, but at the easy course of coronavirus there is no need.
How many days is dry cough when coronavirus
Duration of dry cough depends on the severity of the disease. If a patient has a strong immunity and no chronic diseases, the cough will pass quickly - for 5-10 days.
In case of severe disease, the duration of cough can reach the month, taking into account the residual effect.
How to treat dry cough with coronavirus at home
Many recommendations do not include tips to treat the cough appeared if it is non-permanent and lasts less than a week. It is usually recommended to begin treatment only by medical destinations, if it has not passed spontaneously, and moved to another quality and accompanied by negative symptoms. This can be an adopted weakness, painfulness of the sternum, shortness of breath and a re-rise of temperature.
There is another point of view: when considering the general treatment scheme, it will certainly be indicated than to treat cough when coronavirus at home. In most cases, recommendations are differentiated depending on the type of cough:
- With dry, pharmacy drugs and folk remedies that have a mitigating effect on the mucous membrane are needed;
- In addition - recipes with anti-inflammatory effect and physician prescribed by a doctor (mainly the overwhelming activity of the cough center);
- More complex manifestations suggest complex, and not local treatment (symptoms goes, if the cause of its occurrence is eliminated).
In an adult, with COVID-19, the unproductive cough is treated with standard means without stimulating the wet wet branch. The focus is on the restoration of affected mucous membranes. A prerequisite for success is a bedding, clean, air in the room, the complete exception of irritating factors (smoking, acute and salty foods, strong smells, kitchen chad).
For treatment, non-arcotic anti-leaving drugs are used - synecode, glaucins, Tusuprex (you can find a trading analogue called Oxladin). In no case should not use the usual drugs, thinning sputum or translating cough into the productive.
Than when coronavirus, the cough is treated, depends on its type and intensity. The list of recommended drugs has only medications for symptomatic treatment:
- Peripheral action that reduce the sensitivity of receptors, expanding the lumen of the muscular layer of bronchi (libeksin and analogs).
- Enveloping mucous membranes - peptissine plant syrups, alta. But they enhance the secretion of sputum, because these drugs cannot be used simultaneously with antitussive means.
- Broncholitin - a preparation on a vegetable basis, has an antitussive and bronchosis effect. This is the only one of the standard recommended tools that can be applied at coronavirus.
Stoptushin, Linkas, Podield Codela and herbion possess both anti-eating and expectorant effects. But this is an undesirable effect, if we are talking about rolling and tribal in the throat, which is caused by the virus activity and in most cases it passes spontaneously in a week. Integrated and correct treatment of coronavirus in most cases contributes to spontaneous disappearance of cough.
Basic recommendations from folk healers:
- Homemade natural-based syrups - from buckwheat honey and lemon juice with a pinch of Cayenne pepper;
- From Luka and honey, pounded in a water bath.
A good remedy - warm herbal tea with a spoonful of honey and lemon. Honey and lemon can be replaced with raspberry or curraned jam. Simple and effective ways to muffle dry cough - mineral water with lemon, anise seeds with honey and salt, homemade candy sugar lollipops, which are simply absorbed several times a day.
What to do if dry cough does not pass for a long time
It is necessary to analyze that it can enhance a negative symptom. It can be:
- dry food;
- nuts and seeds;
- unpretentious room;
- obsessive smells.
All this can provoke prolonged attacks against the background of viral lesion. Strengthen cough with coronavirus may erroneously taken preparations with additional flourity, expectorant effect.
If the cough changed the character or simply does not pass for a long time, you must certainly consult with your doctor and fulfill all its recommendations. Perhaps this is due to the development of complications or the consequences of the suffered disease. With COVID-19, this is a fairly common phenomenon.
See also: Coronavirus and Eyes: Does the eyes hurt with Kovid? Capped, will be watched, blushing? All about pain in the eyes
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Causes of dry cough in adults uniformity Kashlyak What doctors refer to thegnostic to treat dry cough in adults
Dry frequent cough can be a symptom of not only the diseases of the respiratory tract, but also diseases of the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract, and also be able to occur for other reasons. Therefore, the treatment of dry cough must be carried out under the supervision of a doctor, on the basis of the diagnosis 1,2,3 .
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Causes of dry cough in adults
With a dry cough, the wet is not produced, and cough receptors are annoyed due to pathological processes or foreign bodies that are localized in the respiratory tract, the circumference of large bronchi, pleura 2.
Causes caused by cough are divided into two groups:
1) pulmonary; 2) extrap.
Light causes - Lungs and / or Bronchi diseases (bronchitis, chronic obstructive bronchitis, alveolite, pneumonia, bronchial asthma, tuberculosis, lung tumors) 3,4. .
Diseases of Lor Organs
Cokels, Flu, ORVI and others
Impact on the respiratory paths of tobacco smoke and irritating reagents, household chemicals, insecticides
Reception of drugs (receiving medicines with side reactions in the form of cough)
1) Inhibitors of angiotensin gluttering enzyme (enalapril, captopril, leasing, perindopril); 2) beta-blockers (amiodar, propranolol, carvedilol, metoprolol, anaprilin); 3) methotrexate, nitrofuran, sulfasalazine and others.
Pathology of the organs of the mediastinum (anomalies of development, damage, inflammation, tumors)
The pathology of the bodies that are located between the right and left pleural cavities: ascending and downward departments of the aorta, heart, thymus, trachea and main bronchi, large veins, nerves, lymph nodes
Diseases of the digestive system
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and others
Neurotic psychogenic cough
Stressful situations and emotional experiences
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The cough duration can help determine its category and thereby narrowing the number of diagnosis options. The duration differences cough:
1) acute (short-term) - up to 3 weeks; 2) subacute (protracted) - 3-8 weeks; 3) chronic (long) - more than 8 weeks 1.
In most cases, complaints about a sharp dry cough are connected with ARVI. One of the most frequent causes of chronic dry cough - diseases of the ENT organs.
The character of cough changes over the disease. In the first days a dry cough appears. The mucous membrane flows from the nose on the rear wall of the nasopharynx and annoys the coughing receptors in the throat. Then the dry cough is replaced by wet, which brings relief, as the sputum is formed, and the cough reflex helps to clean the respiratory tract from it 1.5 . Against the background of elevated body temperature, with insufficient consumption of patients with fluid, the sputum is thickened, and the wet cough can transform again into dry 2.7 .
By the nature of the wet branch, a wet cough is classified:
1) productive (the patient separates the sputum); 2) with a difficult wet (unproductive) 2.
Viscous sputum is impossible or difficult to clench that provokes new cough attacks 6. It may impede the detection of sputum with an unproductive wet cough:
1) insufficiently pronounced cough reflex; 2) high viscosity of sputum; 3) pronounced obstruction of bronchi (spasm and narrowing) 1.
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What doctors to contact
First of all, you should contact the therapist, which will identify the diagnosis and prescribe adequate treatment. If necessary, to clarify the diagnosis, it is possible to send a patient for an infectious background, a pulmonologist, cardiologist, an immunologist allergist or a gastroenterologist.
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The most often sharp dry cough accompanies ARVI. The diagnosis is established by clinical features: an increase in body temperature, a runny nose, a throat, cough, overeating. Additional examination in this case is inappropriate 1,8,9 .
With a dry cough, accompanying laryngitis, pharyngitis and rhinitis, usually the otolaryngologist makes a diagnosis without additional surveys. To confirm the diagnoses of the front, sinusitis and sinusitis, the ENT doctor sends a patient to the radiography of the incomplete sinuses or a computed tomography of the apparent sinuses of the nose.
With suspicion of other diseases, the doctor may assign:
1) radiography and / or computed tomography of the chest oily organs; 2) spirometry to estimate the functional state of the lungs; 3) bacterial sowing, microscopy and cytological examination of sputum; 4) electrocardiography, echocardiography, research of specific markers 1.
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How to treat dry cough in adults
Frequent delusion is an uncontrolled reception of antitussive tools, without taking into account the causes of dry cough. However, dry cough may be a symptom of diseases in which these drugs are ineffective. For example, with a gastroesophageal reflux, when the cough occurs due to the casts of the contents of the stomach in the esophagus. Or with the cough of allergic nature - in this case it is necessary to install an allergen and eliminate its impact.
If the cough is a side effect of a drug, for example, "drotted" cough, then the doctor must warn about it and make a replacement if necessary 1.
The danger of dry cough is the manifold of causing it causes, generating erroneous self-diagnosis and self-treatment. Therefore, when dry cough occurs, especially prolonged and no temperature, you must refer to the doctor.
Depending on the cause and nature of cough for reasonable therapy, drugs are used 1,3,5 :
1) the overwhelming cough; 2) diluted sputum (musolitic); 3) contributing to the removal of sputum (expectorant).
Overwhelming cough drugs prescribed with a painful dry cough, accompanying cough, tracheobronchial dyskinesia or reducing respiratory tract. Indications for the appointment of drugs of this group are extremely limited.
With bronchitis (infectious inflammation of mucosa of the bronchi), the viscosity increases and the mobility of sputum is reduced. Emergency cough products are not used, as they will inhibit the cough reflex and slow down the liberation of the bronchi from the secret. You should appoint Mulitatic and / or expectorant To wet sputum, reduce its sticking to the surface of the bronchi, increasing cough efficiency ten .
Rational therapy for acute and chronic diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract is aimed at the translation of a dry or unproductive wet cough with a difficult toothbrope in the wet productive. The purpose of treatment is the restoration of the airways and elimination of irritation of the mucous membrane. As a result, cough stops 7.10. .
Choosing, than to treat a dry cough in adults, especially those who suffer from concomitant chronic diseases, often preferences are given to multicomponent drugs of plant origin 2,7,11,12 .
Syrup Dr. Mom ®It contains extracts of ten medicinal plants in combination with levomentol. The drug contributes to the purification of the bronchi, the discharge and removal of sputum, the removal of inflammation. Suitable for symptomatic therapy of acute and chronic respiratory diseases, which accompanies a dry cough or cough with a hardwood wet (pharyngitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis).
Syrup Dr. Mom ®can be used to treat children from 3 years and adult thirteen .
For the treatment of dry cough in adults, you can take plant loaflines Dr. MOM ®which contain extracts of three medicinal plants and have anti-inflammatory and expectorant effects 14 .
Preparations of the line Dr. MOM ®they are released from pharmacy without a recipe 13,14 .
The information in this article is referenced and does not replace the professional consultation of the doctor. For the diagnosis and treatment of treatment, refer to a qualified specialist.
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- Zaitsev A.A. Cough // Clinical gerontology. - 2015. - № 1-2. - P. 3-12.
- Trukhan D.I., Bahaisheva N.V. Differential diagnosis and treatment of cough at the primary health care phase // Therapy. - 2017. - № 1 (19): 77-86.
- Respiratory medicine: Guide at 3 tons. / Ed. A. G. Chuchalina / M.: Litterra, 2017. - T. 1. - C.413-422.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Clinical recommendations. Russian respiratory society. 2018. - 89 p.
- Klimova E.A., Samoshkin E.S. Dry cough: Analytical Review // Infectious Diseases: News, Opinions, Training. - 2013. - №2. - P. 39-44.
- Mizernitsky Yu.L., Sulaimanov Sh.A. Modern combined vegetable preparations in the practice of the pulmonologist // Medical Council. - 2019. - № 11. - P. 82-88.
- Vertinina M.V., Khomenya A.A., Nechaeva G.I. Comparative effectiveness of the treatment of infectious and post-infectious cough with acute respiratory infections in adults // RMW. - 2016. - № 16. - P. 1073-1081.
- Influenza and acute respiratory viral infections: modern rational etiotropic and pathogenetic therapy. Algorithms for the provision of medical care for patients: Methodical recommendations / M.: Specialkniga, 2018 - 20 p.
- Influenza in adults. Clinical recommendations. 2017. - 57 p.
- Orlova N.V. Cough in the review of modern recommendations // Medical Council. - 2019. - No. 6. - S.74-81.
- Savlevich E.L., Kurkina A.I., Doroschenko AD, Busovikova O.V. Multilateral look at the problem of a low-product cough // Medical Council. - 2015. - №16. - P.90-94.
- Delyagin V.M. Choice of cough therapy (spiral development) // Medical Council. - 2019. - № 11. - P. 60-66.
- Instructions for the use of syrup Dr. MOM ®/ HTTPS RF / Https: //Grls.rosminzdrav.ru/Grls_View_v2.aspx? RoutingGuid = 167A2755-08F0-45E5-A51A-001E8A7435E8 & T = Date of handling. - 22.06.2020
- Instructions for use Herbal Pastili from cough Dr. Mom ®/ GRAS RF / https: //grls.rosminzdrav.ru/Grls_View_v2.aspx? RoutingGuid = 3A13FAD6-3DF9-4266-85FB-2767CFADB5DF & T = Date of handling. - 22.06.2020
Effective dry cough adult tablets
Cough is a protective reaction of the body to the stimulus. Thanks to it, the respiratory tract is cleared of dust, sputum and other microorganisms that cause the inconvenience of the whole body.
There are two varieties of cough - wet cough and dry. In the case of the first process proceeds much easier, the body gets rid of the mucus in which harmful microorganisms are located. So the treatment is undergoing. With the second type, the situation is more unpleasant, dry cough does not affect relief, often only new attacks. Often it is strongly annoying the throat, leads to pain in the chest and throat, the tissues of the mucous membrane are damaged.
Related symptoms of dry cough in adults
Cough rarely "comes one", often it becomes the result of any disease with other symptoms:
Drowsiness, fatigue and breaking
Increased lymph nodes, painful sensations
Increase body temperature
Feeling "lump" when trying to swallow
Characteristic signs of dry cough
Experts define three varieties of dry cough:
Deaf. It may be a symptom of tumor of lungs or tuberculosis.
Barking. As a rule, a consequence of a viral disease that has influenced voice ligaments.
Overseas Most of all is peculiar to children with a symptom of cough disease.
Also, depending on the duration of the cough, two types are distinguished: acute (up to three weeks) and chronic (for several months and more).
Causes of dry cough in adults
Not always the main source of dry cough is some kind of viral disease. The reasons may be a lot:
Often, regardless of the causes of the appearance of dry cough, there may be unpleasant consequences for the body. During the disease, there is a chance that the walls of the bronchi are deformed and the cause of the development of other serious pathologies (asthma, pneumonia, etc.). Therefore, in order to avoid unnecessary complications, the dry cough is recommended to be treated immediately after it is detected.
Mukalithic action, which turns out to be on the body by this drug, allows the ACC to be proven by the current medicine. In addition, the ACC has an anti-inflammatory effect, reducing the pain in the chest and throat.
The drug has contraindications: it is not recommended to use pregnant women and nursing mothers. Also, experts note that the drug should not be combined with other antitussive agents and paracetamol. Otherwise, you will have to fight with the stagnation of the respiratory tract.
Dr. Mom is a whole line of drugs in pastels, ointments and syrup. It causes an expectoration, displays a wet, reduces inflammation and relieves pain when coughing. The composition includes many useful herbs (aloe, basil, ginger, etc.). It is intended for both adults and small children.
Falminite is an antiseptic, antitussive preparation. Reduces the pain in the throat and chest, eliminates the irritation of the mucous membrane and struggles with a dry cough. After use, experts recommend not to use food and water during short time. It is strictly prohibited by pregnant women and mothers in the feeding period.
A popular dry cough remedy with a musolitic and preventing cough reflex tool.
Huge list of contraindications
Many side effects (drowsiness, rash, decline in appetite, etc.)
Contraindicated in chronic cough
Liebeksin is a medicinal preparation, affordable both adults and children. Liquets sputum and reduces inflammation, the sensitivity of the cough receptor.
There are many and other drugs (Stodal, Codelak, Dionin), but these five are considered one of the best and most common in their segment.
How to quickly cure a dry cough in an adult
December 12, 2018.
Dry cough testifies to the presence of a serious illness or complication. There is a legitimate question - what and how to treat it?
Doctors tend to recommend to abandon the detrimental effects on the respiratory tract - loud conversations, smoking, cold drink drinks, etc. Sometimes a diet is also needed, an exception from the diet of saline, fried dishes, smoked meals and a number of other harmful products.
But first of all, you should consult a doctor. Competent diagnostics and correctly designated treatment - mandatory conditions for the patient's successful recovery.
Selection of therapy
This is the prerogative of a medical specialist (based on the survey). Therapeutic technique relies on the accuracy of identifying the causes of pathology and a number of individual patient features.
In the presence of a cold illness, the patient is prescribed:
Allergy detection entails the need for competent selection of antihistamine drugs.
Inflammatory pathologies localized in the throat and the upper respiratory tract require the use of a large complex of drugs. The patient determines the course of antibacterial treatment.
Effective forms of treatment and preventive measures
Cash attacks are associated with the fact that the sputum is too viscous and it is impossible to exhaust. It is necessary to create conditions for the removal of the pathological flora.
The patient should ensure the availability of wet fresh air. He is prescribed abundant drinking, a number of special exercises for cleaning respiration and special drugs, most often of plant origin.
During treatment, stressful situations, smoking should be avoided, eliminate the possibility of side effects.
You can order and buy medicines (including rare drugs for the treatment of cough) in the network of budget pharmacies.